Category Archives: NEWS

IUFN - workshop la faim des terres-10

Plan ‘Manger régional, c’est capital’ de la région Pays de la Loire

Fière de son agriculture, la Région des Pays de la Loire poursuit son engagement concret auprès des agriculteurs en lançant une campagne pour encourager les Ligériens à consommer régional. Cet appel civique, intitulé « Manger régional c’est capital ! », correspond à l’application de la 12ème mesure du Plan d’actions prioritaires pour l’agriculture adopté par le Conseil régional le 26 février 2016.

Plus généralement, ce plan décliné en 16 mesures vient en soutien aux agriculteurs ligériens en difficulté mais vise également à préserver le fort potentiel agricole des Pays de la Loire.

Manger régional, c’est faire un choix doublement gagnant aussi bien pour les consommateurs que pour les producteurs ! Il existe au moins 5 bonnes raisons de privilégier des produits régionaux au quotidien :

5 bonnes raisons de privilégier des produits régionaux au quotidien :

  • La traçabilité : consommer régional c’est avant tout connaître la provenance de ce que nous mettons dans nos assiettes.

  • L’excellence : nos agriculteurs ligériens sont engagés dans une démarche de qualité, pour produire le meilleur.

  • La diversité : la grande richesse des productions régionales (viandes, fruits et légumes, produits de la mer…) offre un large choix pour varier les saveurs quelle que soit la saison !

  • La protection de l’environnement : les kilomètres de transport entre le champ et l’assiette sont limités !

  • Le civisme : manger régional c’est faire un acte civique en faveur des agriculteurs ligériens être solidaires avec la filière agricole ligérienne. 31 000 exploitations agricoles en dépendent !

Plus d’informations sur le Plan Manger régional c’est capital sur le site de la Région Pays de la Loire.

Les collectivités, envie de connaître d’autres bonnes raisons pour vous engager dans un Projet alimentaire territorial?

Téléchargez notre brochure Nourrir nos villes, pour une gouvernance alimentaire durable des régions urbaines!

Consultez le Guide Construire son Projet alimentaire territorial en mode projet ou en mode LaboM’21!

Lisez les facteurs clés de succès d’un PAT!

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Projets alimentaires territoriaux sur France Inter avec IUFN

IUFN A LA RADIO!! EMISSION DE FRANCE INTER AUJOURD’HUI

Sur France Inter dans carnets de campagne, Markéta Braine-Supkova répond aux questions de Philippe Bertrand.

Au menu – Le pourquoi du comment du lien ville-alimentation et les modalités opérationnelles de l’accompagnement des collectivités dans la construction de leur Projet alimentaire territorial.

Aux côtés des acteurs Bretons engagés comme l’association des producteurs du pays de Ploërmel : site de vente en ligne “Clic ta Bérouette” ou l’asso Polen qui milite pour un développement écologique, durable local et solidaire sur le Pays de Ploërmel ou encore la chargée du Développement durable pour la commune de Sainte-Hélène, Hélène Danel.

Guide méthodo commun IUFN-LaboM’21 du Département de la Gironde  - Construire un Projet alimentaire territorial à l’honneur!

Pour re-écouter l’émission, c’est par ICI!

Lisez l’interview avec Anna Faucher sur les facteurs clés de succès de ces démarches PAT.

Pour plus d’informations sur les possibilités d’accompagnement proposés par notre association, contactez-nous!

 

Recrutement IUFN 2017

OFFRE DE POSTE – IUFN CHERCHE DES RENFORTS – POSTULEZ!

IUFN, International Urban Food Network est une association loi 1901, plateforme internationale de promotion des systèmes alimentaires durables pour les régions urbaines, basée à AgroParisTech, à Paris.

IUFN vise à accélérer la transition des collectivités vers un système alimentaire local et durable, comme un nouveau paradigme de développement territorial. C’est un processus d’apprentissage progressif, un processus de conduite de changement dont le fil rouge est l’accès à l’alimentation durable pour tous.

L’association soutient concrètement cette transition positive à travers des actions de sensibilisation, par la production de connaissances nouvelles et pluridisciplinaires et enfin par des missions d’accompagnement technique des collectivités dans la construction de leur projet alimentaire territorial.

Dans le cadre d’un congé de maternité, nous recherchons un-e chargé-e de mission pour le pôle Conseil et accompagnement. 

En lien avec la responsable du pôle et sous la responsabilité hiérarchique du Bureau, il-elle assistera la responsable du pôle dans les missions suivantes avec un focus sur l’opérationnalité auprès des collectivités territoriales :

  • Formalisation, déclinaison et opérationnalité des projets en cours
  • Représenter IUFN, le Pôle et les projets inhérents vis-à-vis des partenaires extérieurs
  • Etre force de proposition pour élaborer des projets de partenariat pertinents
  • Contribuer à la recherche de fonds pour assurer la poursuite de l’activité de l’association (et notamment Identifier les appels à projets pertinents à soumettre pour validation au CA)
  • Participer aux réunions d’équipe
  • Travailler de façon ad hoc avec les autres pôles de l’association

Profil recherché :

  • Bac+5 (Ecole de communication, Ecole de commerce, Sciences Po…)
  • Polyvalent
  • Aisance relationnelle
  • Autonomie
  • Anglais courant (écrit et parlé)
  • Facilités rédactionnelles
  • Connaissance (création, mise à jour, promotion) des outils web (site web WordPress ; newsletter Mailchimp ), PAO bienvenue
  • Connaissances du milieu associatif et des problématiques alimentaires bienvenues

TÉLÉCHARGEZ L’OFFRE DE POSTE EN PDF.

Merci de bien vouloir envoyer vos candidatures avant 30 novembre 2016 à l’adresse suivante : contact@iufn.org avec la référence RECRUTEMENT 2017. 

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Premiers résultats du rapport IPES Food : What drives urban food policy: Lessons learned from five case studies

Le jeudi 13 octobre 2016, le professeur Corinna Hawkes*, l’un des experts, membres du panel IPES-Food a prononcé un discours sur la politique alimentaire en milieu urbain lors de la réunion annuelle du Pacte de Milan à Rome, organisé pour le suivi des engagements pris par les villes dans le cadre du Pacte.

Corinna Hawkes a présenté en avant première quelques résultats d’une étude majeur à venir en début 2017, réalisée par IPES-Food : What drives urban food policy: Lessons learned from five case studies - qui met en lumière la façon dont les politiques alimentaires innovantes ont été élaborées à partir d’une variété de points d’entrée dans les villes à travers le monde.

De plus en plus, les collectivités à travers le monde profitent de leurs compétences pour aider au développement des systèmes alimentaires territoriaux durables. Grâce à une action transversale interservice, ils utilisent la question alimentaire comme un point d’entrée pour aider à résoudre des questions plus larges, y compris les défis environnementaux, de santé et les questions liées aux inégalités sociales, les problématiques de pauvreté, de l’insuffisance des infrastructures ou encore d’un contexte économique morose.

Bien qu’il y ait un nombre croissant de connaissances sur ce qui peut être fait pour améliorer les systèmes alimentaires urbains, nous en savons beaucoup moins sur la façon de faire. Pour éclairer ce débat et à travers une série d’exemples terrain, le rapport d’IPES-Food What drives urban food policy: Lessons learned from five case studies aborde les trois questions suivantes:
• Quels ont été les facteurs qui ont poussé les politiques à engager un Projet alimentaire territorial?
• Quels sont les obstacles à mettre en place ces politiques et comment ont-ils été surmontés?
• Que peut-on tirer de ces expériences pour aborder la multitude de défis liés à l’alimentation dans les villes d’aujourd’hui?

Un résumé contenant quelques-uns des premiers résultats du le rapport d’IPES-Food What drives urban food policy: Lessons learned from five case studies peuvent être trouvés ici.

Le rapport sera également discuté dans le cadre du Side event – Systèmes alimentaires urbains organisé le 18 octobre 2016 à Rome, FAO, dans le cadre du CFS par IPES-Food en partenariat avec la FAO Food for cities, le Gouvernement de la Côte d’Ivoire, la Chaire UNESCO Montpellier et IUFN.

* Corinna HAWKES: is an expert on food systems nutrition and health who participates in the World Health Organization’s Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity and regularly advises governments and international bodies. She has worked for the World Health Organisation, the World Cancer Research Fund International, and the International Food Policy Research Institute, and has been active in research, advocacy, and in advising governments and international agencies. She has also worked at the School of Public Health at the University of Sao Paulo, and is now an Honorary Research Fellow at the Centre for Food Policy, City University, London, while serving as an advisor at the Leverhulme Center for Integrative Research into Agriculture and Health. Her research interests focus on the impact of food systems and food policies on diet, nutrition and non-communicable diseases. She has published widely in academic journals and in policy briefs and reports by think tanks and international agencies on topics such as food systems globalization; the links between agricultural policy, trade and nutrition; policies and regulations to encourage healthier diets; and novel food value chain approaches to identifying solutions. Corinna’s disciplinary background is in ecology and geography. She has a PhD from Kings College, University of London.

Milan Expo 2015

Grand Lyon et Nantes Métropole à la FAO pour les cérémonies du Pacte de Milan

Milan-Urban-Food-Policy-PactLe deuxième Sommet des maires signataires du Pacte de Milan (Milan Urban Food Policy Pact), a lieu les en ce moment même (13-14 Octobre 2016) au siège de la FAO à Rome. En raison du lien étroit entre la mission de la FAO et les objectifs du Pacte, la FAO a accepté de soutenir cette initiative et d’accueillir la deuxième réunion annuelle des maires, qui aura lieu après la cérémonie de la Journée mondiale de l’alimentation.

Pour les signataires, les cérémonies sont une occasion idéale pour d’échanger des idées et partager les progrès respectifs dans la réalisation des objectifs du Pacte avec les pairs.

Deux collectivités signataires du Pacte de Milan ont fait le déplacement à Rome – Nantes Métropole et le Grand Lyon.

IUFN, identifiée par le Secrétariat du Pacte de Milan comme relais français pour la promotion du Pacte est bien sûr présente également, afin de porter la voix des collectivités françaises engagées et capter en direct l’énergie de cet événement international majeur.

Consultez l’agenda des festivités ici (en anglais uniquement).

Pour plus d’informations sur le Pacte de Milan, consultez leur site web.

Les collectivités signataires du Pacte au niveau français sont parmi les pionniers, ambassadeurs de ces démarches en France :

Téléchargez le texte du Pacte de MilanMilan Urban Food Policy Pact – disponible en français, en anglais et en italien.

Pour toute question sur le Pacte de Milan, merci de vous adresser à l’équipe IUFN : marketa.braine@iufn.org. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Climate Chance: Changement climatique et alimentation des villes

Du 26 au 28 septembre 2016 se tiendra au Centre des Congrès de Nantes à la Cité, la première édition de ClimateChance. Cet événement d’ampleur devrait réunir plusieurs milliers de participants, venus du monde entier.

L’alimentation des villes doit être au cœur des actions d’atténuation et d’adaptation au changement climatique. Pour cette raison, IUFN a travaillé en 2015 et 2016 avec la Fondation Nicolas Hulot et le Programme des Nations Unies pour l’Environnement pour mieux comprendre les enjeux de l’alimentation des villes dans un contexte de changement climatique.

Fruit de l’intervention d’experts au cours de 4 conférences en ligne, le projet met à disposition de chaque acteur qui souhaite agir une publication de 20 pages présentant les enjeux et les actions à mener, ainsi qu’une courte vidéo de 3 minutes.

Consultez le Policy Perspectives Paper Changement climatique et alimentation des villes.

Consultez la courte vidéo pédagogique Pourquoi et comment prendre en compte l’alimentation dans les politiques climatiques des villes ?

Les résultats de ce projet seront mis en avant lors de Climate Chance le 26 septembre 2016, dans l’espace Agora – Laboratoire des initiatives nantaises, lors de la présentation par Nantes Métropole de son action pour un système alimentaire urbain plus durable.

Vous pouvez également consulter la page Internet du projet Climate Change Urban Food pour accéder à toutes les conférences en ligne et les vidéos produites par le projet.

Climate Chance sera également l’occasion de s’interroger sur le lien climat-alimentation-ville en présence de la métropole nantaise lors de l’atelier du 26 septembre 2016 dans le cadre du Laboratoire des initiatives nantaises. Nantes Métropole y présentera son chantier ‘Projet Alimentaire Territorial’.

 

Nantes Métropole - PAT

Nantes Métropole présente son chantier de Projet Alimentaire Territorial au ClimateChance

Du 26 au 28 septembre 2016 se tiendra au Centre des Congrès de Nantes à la Cité, la première édition de ClimateChance. Cet événement d’ampleur devrait réunir plusieurs milliers de participants, venus du monde entier.

Évènement mondial, Climate Chance a vocation à devenir le rendez-vous régulier de l’ensemble des acteurs non-étatiques engagés dans la lutte contre le dérèglement climatique. Collectivités, entreprises, associations, syndicats, organismes scientifiques, citoyens, sont conviés à cette rencontre, qui doit permettre de dessiner l’état de l’action à travers le monde, d’approfondir les échanges sur les réussites comme sur les difficultés, de favoriser la mutualisation des expériences et des innovations, de souligner les opportunités naissant de ce combat résolu contre le changement climatique.

Capitale verte de l’Europe en 2013, présidente d’Eurocities, le réseau des 130 métropoles majeures européennes, porte-parole pour le climat du réseau Cités et Gouvernement locaux unis (CGLU), Nantes est une métropole reconnue pour la transition écologique et énergétique. Ce sommet mondial permettra aux acteurs, en s’appuyant sur le territoire de la métropole nantaise, d’expérimenter un dialogue concret entre société civile locale et représentants de la société civile internationale.

Le 26 septembre 2016, dans l’espace Agora – Laboratoire des initiatives nantaises, le ClimateChance donnera la parole à Nantes Métropole, première métropole engagée dans un Projet alimentaire territoriale (PAT) en France.  

Du producteur au consommateur, en passant par les transformateurs et les distributeurs : se mettre autour de la table pour repenser et construire la chaîne alimentaire d’un territoire. IUFN est un des 3 partenaires techniques de ce chantier et propose ainsi une assistance méthodologique au maitre d’ouvrage en matière de construction du PAT et plus particulièrement sur la démarche de concertation avec les acteurs locaux.

  • Présentation du chantier Projet Alimentaire Territoriale de la métropole nantaise
  • Espace AGORA – Atelier Ville Nature et Comestible
  • Lundi 26 septembre 2016 de 12h40 à 15h
  • Nantes Métropole et ses partenaires : Chambre d’Agriculture 44, Terres en Ville et IUFN.
  • Suivi d’une discussion en atelier sur le thème : Quelle contribution du PAT à la lutte contre le changement climatique, à tous les niveaux : production, transformation/distribution, consommation ?

Téléchargez la fiche Chantier IUFN Conseil et accompagnement – Projet Alimentaire Territoriale de la métropole nantaise

Téléchargez le programme de ClimateChance 2016 sous format pdf !

Visitez le site web de l’évènement.

 

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SOUTENIR LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES PROJETS ALIMENTAIRES TERRITORIAUX – APPEL A PROJETS PNA 2016

Mieux manger et faire de notre modèle alimentaire une force pour l’avenir, telles sont les ambitions du Programme National pour l’Alimentation (PNA). L’essence du PNA est de s’appuyer sur un partenariat avec les collectivités territoriales, le monde associatif, les organismes institutionnels et les acteurs privés. L’État intervient ainsi comme un « facilitateur » et un « catalyseur » d’actions relatives à l’amélioration de l’alimentation autour de quatre grandes priorités : la justice sociale, l’éducation alimentaire des jeunes, la lutte contre le gaspillage alimentaire et l’ancrage territorial. Ces thématiques se retrouvent au cœur d’un engagement croissant des différents acteurs de la chaîne alimentaire, de plus en plus conscients des enjeux de l’alimentation.

Le nouvel appel à projets national du Programme National pour l’Alimentation (PNA) sera lancé en septembre 2016, avec un budget de 1 500 000 euros.

Sont recherchés en priorité des projets fédérateurs, démultipliables ou exemplaires en cohérence avec les quatre priorités de la politique publique de l’alimentation : la justice sociale ;l’éducation alimentaire des jeunes ;la lutte contre le gaspillage alimentaire ; l’ancrage territorial et la mise en valeur du patrimoine alimentaire.

Afin d’encourager l’atteinte des objectifs gouvernementaux annoncés lors du Comité Interministériel aux Ruralités du 20 mai 2016, l’accent sera plus particulièrement mis sur l’émergence et la mise en oeuvre des projets alimentaires territoriaux (PAT). Les projets alimentaires territoriaux permettent de rapprocher les producteurs, les transformateurs, les distributeurs, les collectivités territoriales et les consommateurs pour développer l’agriculture locale et promouvoir une alimentation de qualité.

Consultez l’ITW ’3 questions à…’ avec Anna FAUCHER, Responsable du Pôle Conseil et Accompagnement d’IUFN parlant du guide méthodologique Construire son projet alimentaire territorial en mode projet ou en mode LaboM’21 IUFN-Gironde.

Des questions sur le concept et l’apport territorial d’un PAT? Visionnez la vidéo!

Des hésitations sur l’approche méthodologique à adopter pour votre PAT? Téléchargez le guide Construire son Projet alimentaire territorial! 

Calendrier prévisionnel de l’appel à projets 2016-2017

  • Lancement : septembre 2016
  • Clôture : 1er novembre 2016
  • Pré-sélection régionale par les DRAAF/DAAF : 10 décembre 2016
  • Annonce publique des résultats : lors du Salon International de l’Agriculture 2017

 

Projet alimentaire territorial

GUIDE METHODOLOGIQUE – CONSTRUIRE SON PROJET ALIMENTAIRE TERRITORIAL

En s’appuyant sur des accompagnements réussis des collectivités territoriales, l’IUFN et le Conseil Départemental de la Gironde ont développé deux méthodologies complémentaires afin d’aiguiller et d’outiller les collectivités dans la construction de leur projet alimentaire territorial. Elles sont rassemblées dans un document:

Guide méthodologique commun ‘Construire un projet alimentaire territorial, méthodologies croisées CD33-IUFN’.

TELECHARGEZ GRATUITEMENT LE GUIDE

Le « Mode projet » proposé par IUFN s’appuie sur un état des lieux co-construit et partagé avec l’ensemble des acteurs du système alimentaire. Fondé sur l’analyse de la réalité agricole et alimentaire territoriale, il permet de fixer des objectifs et une vision commune du système alimentaire souhaité et d’organiser une gouvernance territoriale.

Le « Mode Labo » développé par le Conseil Départemental de la Gironde s’appuie sur les méthodes de backcasting et permet aux territoires de se projeter dans un futur souhaité qui devient le point de départ des réflexions sur un nouveau projet territorial. Cette méthode, de par ses techniques d’animation innovantes et dynamiques, favorise la prise de conscience et la compréhension des enjeux liés à l’alimentation durable.

Partir d’un futur souhaité ou s’appuyer sur l’existant, ces deux méthodologies visent à faciliter le travail des collectivités en insistant sur la place de l’animation et du dialogue territorial.

LE GUIDE METHODOLOGIQUE a été présenté officiellement le 3 mars 2016  au Salon International de l’Agriculture, à l’occasion d’une mini-conférence sur le stand d’AgroParisTech (Hall 4, Allée B, N°131). Pour toute question sur les modalités d’accompagnement technique IUFN pour votre collectivité, contactez nous : contact@iufn.org!

AgroParisTech  AgroParisTech

 

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Et si on mangeait local …

Promoting city region food systems in France IUFN-MEDDE workshop 2015 (c) IUFNCe n’est plus un futur ou une tendance mais une réalité. Celle de consommateurs face aux crises alimentaires successives, celle d’agriculteurs et de producteurs en pleine crise agricole, en quête d’autres débouchés que le système alimentaire conventionnel. 20 % des producteurs utilisent aujourd’hui les AMAP, sites ou magasins de vente directe, etc. comme mode de commercialisation.

Le rapport d’information conduit par la députée de Dordogne Brigitte Allain sur l’ancrage territorial de l’alimentation, traduit cette aspiration citoyenne pour une alimentation durable, de proximité et de qualité comme une opportunité pour les territoires et les collectivités locales. Il s’agit de « Changer d’échelle en régionalisant les filières agricoles et agro-alimentaire pour un approvisionnement alimentaire local. C’est bénéfique pour l’emploi, l’environnement et la vie des territoires ruraux et urbains. » souligne la députée.

Les projets alimentaires territoriaux (PAT) inscrits dans la Loi d’orientation agricole de 2014, sont une première réponse et la restauration collective, une porte d’entrée concrète dans cette démarche en permettant aux producteurs, collectivités et consommateurs d’oeuvrer à une orientation stratégique vers des débouchés locaux.

76 % des français se disent favorables au vote d’une loi imposant l’introduction d’aliments bios, locaux et de saison dans la restauration collective publique (sondage IFOP janvier 2016) et les pionniers l’affirment, manger local et bio à la cantine c’est possible et sans surcoût.

Il donc temps de reconnaître ces attentes, de les favoriser en leur offrant un cadre législatif clair pour soutenir la production, la transformation, la commercialisation et la consommation de produits alimentaires durables et locaux.

Ce sont les objectifs concrets du projet de loi qui prévoit l’introduction en restauration collective publique de 40 % d’aliments relevant de l’alimentation durable dont 20 % issus de l’agriculture biologique. L’utilisation du label « Fait Maison » dans cette restauration viendra reconnaître et valoriser le travail des cuisiniers. Les entreprises pourront intégrer dans leur rapport « Responsabilité sociale et environnementale » (RSE) des informations sur leurs engagements en faveur de l’alimentation durable (choix de produits, lutte contre le gaspillage alimentaire ou le suremballage…). Les plans régionaux d’agriculture durable (PRAD) deviennent les plans régionaux de l’agriculture et d’alimentation durable (PRAAD) et des comités régionaux pour l’alimentation sont créés. Les régions ont désormais un rôle majeur dans la mise en place des stratégies alimentaires via leur compétence « développement de territoire ». Enfin, l’observatoire de l’alimentation, des circuits-courts et de proximité sera en lien avec les observatoires régionaux pour visibiliser les bonnes pratiques, valider les modèles économiques soutenables et viables.

Lire l’interview avec Brigitte Allain, Députée EELV de la Dordogne, auteure du projet de loi Allain sur l’ancrage territorial de notre alimentation.

Lire l’interview avec Joël Labbé, Sénateur EELV du Morbihan, rapporteur de la loi Allain.

IUFN

CEMR Congress – Designing a local food strategy progress-monitoring tool – IUFN-URBACT-CEMR workshop April 22 2016, Cyprus

As one of the most important legacies of the Milan Expo 2015, the Urban Food Policy Pact of Milan (UFPP) has been launched and officially signed by more than 100 cities from across the world in October 2015. It represents a fundamental step towards sustainable food systems for city regions, inviting local authorities to take concrete action. Measuring the concrete impact of these actions will help building the case for “city region” food systems as a relevant driver for more resilient territories.

In this perspective and in partnership with the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR) and URBACT, IUFN is leading a Sustainable food in urban communities workshop on April 22nd 2016. This workshop is part of the 3 days program of the CEMR bisanual congress A Local and Regional Vision of Europe 2030 in Nicosia, Cyprus, gathering more than 600 european local authorities.

Presenting different city stories on local food policies and action plans across Europe, this workshop will explore how cities can better plan or deliver their local action on food starting from a basic diagnosis stage using the CRFSWatch Barometer (City Region Food Systems Barometer).

The CRFSWatch Barometer is a qualitative process-indicators based tool for local authorities who wish to start working on the food issue as part of their local sustainability. It is a progress monitoring mechanism covering the 6 thematic areas of the Uban Food Policy Pact of Milan developed by IUFN and the Council of European Municipalities and Regions The session’s goal is to associate European local authorities attending the CEMR Congress to the co-desing of the CRFSWach Barometer and to collect their qualitative feedback during a world café style workshop facilitated by IUFN.

Invited speakers:

  • Anne de Feijter, City of Amersfoort, involved in the Sustainable food in Urban Communities network
  • Sara Jervfors, City of Sodertalje, involved in the Diet for Green Planet network
  • Thierry Giordano, Local Governments and Food Security Expert – Partnerships, Advocacy and Capacity Development Division (OPC), FAO (tbc)
  • Jenny Koutsomarkou, Partnership Officer, URBACT
  • Julie Delcroix-Doudun, Project Officer, Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities, CEMR

Facilitation : Marketa Braine-Supkova, Founder and director of IUFN

What shall be the local authority’s check-list to start thinking about local food? Share your point of view! Send us your input 

For more information on the CRFSWatch Barometer, please contact our team.

Milan Expo 2015

LE PACTE DE MILAN – LES COLLECTIVITES FRANÇAISES S’ENGAGENT POUR LES SYSTÈMES ALIMENTAIRES TERRITORIAUX

L’Exposition Universelle de Milan s’est tenue en 2015 sur le thème “Nourrir la planète, Energie pour la vie ». La ville-hôte a profité de l’attention médiatique sur l’événement pour promouvoir les bonnes pratiques alimentaires et inciter d’autres villes à s’engager sur le sujet. Le Pacte de Politique Alimentaire de Milan est un texte fort qui exprime une volonté politique claire d’aller vers des systèmes alimentaires territoriaux durables et donne des solutions concrètes pour y parvenir à travers 37 actions recommandées.

En octobre 2015, plus de cent villes à travers le monde ont pris l’engagement (sur une base volontaire) de mettre en place des actions locales, déclinées autour de six axes prioritaires :

  • Gouvernance alimentaire locale – Assurer un environnement propice à une action efficace
  • Promouvoir une alimentation durable et une bonne nutrition
  • Assurer l’équité sociale et économique
  • Appuyer la production alimentaire (liens rural-urbain)
  • Approvisionnement et distribution alimentaires
  • Prévenir le gaspillage alimentaire

EN FRANCE – HUIT COLLECTIVITES FRANÇAISES ont répondu à l’appel de la ville de Milan et ont signé le Milan Urban Food Policy Pact. Elles s’engageant à agir au niveau local pour des systèmes alimentaires plus durables : Ville de Paris, Ville de Marseille, Ville de Lyon, Métropole de Grenoble, Bordeaux Métropole, Conseil départemental de la Gironde, Métropole de Montpellier, Nantes Métropole.

Lisez l’interview avec Bordeaux Métropole sur son engagement pour un Projet Alimentaire Territorial.

Téléchargez le texte du Pacte de Milan – Milan Urban Food Policy Pact – disponible en français, en anglais et en italien.

 

CADRE NATIONAL FAVORABLE A L’APPROCHE TERRITORIALE DE L’ALIMENTATION

Une dynamique très positive est en marche en France en faveur des PAT – Projets Alimentaires Territoriaux, portés par le Ministère de l’agriculture. La proposition de loi ‘Ancrage territorial de notre alimentation’ de Brigitte Allain, députée EELV de la Dordogne visant à favoriser l’alimentation locale et durable sera prochainement examinée au Sénat avec Joël Labbé, Sénateur du Morbihan, EELV.

GUIDE METHODOLOGIQUE GRATUIT POUR CONSTRUIRE SON PROJET ALIMENTAIRE TERRITORIAL

En s’appuyant sur des accompagnements réussis des collectivités territoriales, l’IUFN et le Conseil Départemental de la Gironde ont développé deux méthodologies complémentaires afin d’aiguiller et d’outiller les collectivités dans la construction de leur projet alimentaire territorial en « Mode projet » proposé par IUFN et en « Mode Labo » développé par le Conseil Départemental de la Gironde. Partir d’un futur souhaité ou s’appuyer sur l’existant, ces deux méthodologies visent à faciliter le travail des collectivités en insistant sur la place de l’animation et du dialogue territorial.

IUFN ACCOMPAGNE LES COLLECTIVITES FRANÇAISES dans la construction de leurs projets alimentaires territoriaux. CONSULTEZ LE GUIDE METHODOLOGIQUE Construire un Projet Alimentaire Territorial en Mode Projet ou en Mode Labo’M21′. Pour toute question, merci de nous écrire au contact@iufn.org

Equipe IUFN LA FAIM DES TERRES 2014

CAMPAGNE DE CROWDFUNDING POUR LA VERSION FRANÇAISE DE NOTRE SITE WEB

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MA VRAIE BONNE RESOLUTION 2016? 

JE SOUTIENS IUFN POUR LA CONSTRUCTION DES SYSTÈMES ALIMENTAIRES DE DEMAIN!

Promouvoir, accompagner et valoriser le développement des systèmes alimentaires durables pour nourrir les villes et les territoires est la principale mission d’IUFN. Les collectivités territoriales sont les acteurs essentiels de cette transition à travers leur capacité d’intervention sur le foncier, la restauration collective, l’immobilier commercial et le commerce de proximité ou encore les marchés publics.

L’alimentation durable pour tous est alors un fil rouge, un lient efficace pouvant mettre en perspective des objectifs spécifiques des différents services de la collectivité, rendre vraiment cohérentes diverses politiques locales et faire s’asseoir autour d’une table de discussion les parties prenantes aux intérêts  a prioridivergents. Cependant, à l’heure actuelle, les collectivités manquent d’outils pour engager et s’approprier un tel projet territorial. Malgré l’importance stratégique de l’alimentation durable pour la résilience des territoires, la santé des populations, l’économie locale, le cadre de vie, la préservation de la biodiversité ou encore la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique, les stratégies alimentaires territoriales durables sont encore peu nombreuses.

 

QUOI?

METTRE A JOUR NOTRE SITE WEB AVEC UNE VERSION EN FRANÇAIS POUR AIDER LES COLLECTIVITES A APPLIQUER REELEMENT LES RECOMMANDATIONS DU URBAN FOOD POLICY PACT DE MILAN

  • PORTAIL DE SENSIBILISATION sur les enjeux clés pour une meilleure prise en compte de la thématique de l’accès à l’alimentation pour tous par les acteurs territoriaux et les collectivités.
  • BOITE A OUTILS pour accompagner concrètement les collectivités dans la préfiguration et la mise en place de leur stratégie alimentaire territoriale.
  • VITRINE DE L’ACTION D’IUFN en termes d’accompagnement des collectivités vers la définition et mise en place des stratégies alimentaires territoriales.
  • VOIX MILITANTE DE L’ASSOCIATION pour promouvoir le caractère transformateur des systèmes alimentaires durables  à l’échelle des territoires

Ce nouveau site de l’association sera adapté à tous les supports actuels (ordinateur, tablette et smartphone) grâce à un design dit “responsive”.

 

LE POURQUOI DU COMMENT

Aucune stratégie de développement durable ne peut ignorer les villes, qui sont au cœur de tous nos questionnements politiques, économiques, sociaux, environnementaux, sanitaires ou culturels. Aujourd’hui déjà, une personne sur deux dans le monde est un urbain. Trois milliards d’autres devraient les rejoindre d’ici 2050, accentuant encore un mouvement qui s’accélère depuis la fin des années 1980. Les villes sont à la fois le problème et la clef de l’innovation et de l’expérimentation.

Poser la question de la durabilité des systèmes alimentaires pour nourrir les villes et les territoires c’est reconnaître que la manière dont les hommes s’organisent, dans l’espace et dans le temps, pour obtenir et consommer leur nourriture pose à l’heure actuelle des problèmes  dans tous les domaines de la durabilité. C’est appeler à repenser notre système alimentaire. C’est dessiner un axe alternatif pour le développement territorial, fondé sur le respect des Hommes et de la planète. S’engager dans une telle aventure requiert de porter l’intérêt général et le bien être des populations locales au-dessus des intérêts économiques. S’engager dans une telle aventure requiert du courage politique, de la vision à long terme de son territoire et de l’écoute. IUFN croit en ces valeurs et en la capacité des collectivités à propulser leur territoires vers un avenir plus durable. Le futur site internet est destiné à leur proposer les briques nécessaires à sa construction.

QUE VA-T-ON FAIRE AVEC VOS DONS?

L’argent collecté par cette campagne nous permettra de couvrir une partie des frais engagés pour la création du nouveau site web institutionnel d’IUFN. La réalisation technique est confié à Powebco, société spécialisée dans le développement web et conseil en stratégie de web marketing. Le budget total s’élève à 15000 euros TTC. Cette somme couvre alors l’accompagnement technique de Powebco, le service d’hébergement du site web, les frais de maintenance et en partie le temps des membres de l’association travaillent à la réalisation de ce projet. Par ailleurs, vos dons à IUFN peuvent faire l’objet d’une réduction d’impôt de 66%. Un reçu fiscal vous sera délivré automatiquement après confirmation de votre don. Ainsi, si vous donnez 10 €, cela ne vous coûtera que 3,4 €. Si vous ne souhaitez pas faire un don en ligne, vous pouvez aussi participer en envoyant un chèque à l’ordre d’IUFN, AgroParisTech, 16 rue Claude Bernard, 75231 Paris Cedex 05.

QUE-’EST CE QU’ON FAIT POUR MERITER VOTRE DON?

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SOUTENEZ LA MISE A JOUR DU SITE WEB D’IUFN AUJOURD’HUI

COP21 climate change urban food initiative

JUST RELEASED : VIDEOS OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE URBAN FOOD WEBINARS

The videos of the 4 webinars of the Climate Change Urban Food initiative are now online!
Designed to inform policy discussions in the lead-up to COP21, this series of webinar highlight the strategic links between SUSTAINABLE FOOD, SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT and CLIMATE CHANGE and showcase successful mechanisms and approaches to respond to the challenges of achieving sustainable urban food systems in a changing climate.
Food, Climate Change and the City
Towards Climate Resilient Urban Food Systems 1
Towards Climate Resilient Urban Food Systems 2
Alimentation, changement climatique et ville
L’alimentation locale: un élément de la stratégie climatique territoriale ?

More on Climate Change Urban Food Initiative

PAT

RAPPORT FINAL ETUDE IUFN-MEDDE – MESURER LES IMPACTS DE L’APPROCHE TERRITORIALE DE L’ALIMENTATION

RAPPORT FINAL DE L’ETUDE IUFN-MEDDE | MESURER L’IMPACT DES APPROCHES TERRITORIALES DE L’ALIMENTATION

“Se mettre en capacité de pouvoir mesurer, c’est s’assurer d’une plus grande visibilité et lisibilité de l’action stratégique engagée et d’une maitrise du processus opérationnel. S’intéresser à l’évaluation d’impact des systèmes alimentaires territorialisés, permet de creuser la question de la pertinence de l’approche territoriale de l’alimentation comme alternative possible au système alimentaire conventionnel en ramenant la réflexion sur un niveau plus accessible, plus facilement saisissable, celui d’un territoire.”

 

En France, l’ancrage territorial de l’alimentation est désormais l’une des priorités de la politique agricole et alimentaire du ministère de l’Agriculture. D’autres acteurs se saisissent du sujet – la Sénatrice EELV Brigitte Allain vient de publier un rapport inspirant ‘Et si on mangeait local ?’ et l’Association des Régions de France signe en juin dernier la Déclaration de Rennes pour des systèmes alimentaires territorialisés (SAT), comme un appel à un meilleur équilibre des relations ville-campagne. La société civile, mobilisée depuis longtemps sur le sujet, propose alors un vivier d’expérimentations et d’innovations terrain inépuisable et sans cesse renouvelé.

Les acteurs territoriaux et nationaux expriment ainsi leur volonté d’avancer concrètement et d’engager les territoires dans des démarches structurantes. Cette réalité témoigne de l’importance accordée par ces acteurs à la thématique de l’alimentation durable pour tous.

Toutefois, et sans vouloir aucunement sabrer l’élan positif que ces démarches portent en elles, il semble important de s’interroger dès à présent sur la capacité réelle de ces actions à contribuer à la création des systèmes alimentaires plus durables. Dans la perspective de l’amélioration de l’efficacité des politiques publiques, il s‘agit alors de questionner les impactspositifs et négatifs  – des approches territorialisées de l’alimentation.

C’est dans cette perspective qu’à la fin de l’année 2014, IUFN a proposé au ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l’Energie, de conduire une étude afin de s’interroger sur la mesure de l’impact de l’approche territoriale de l’alimentation – Etude Impacts des Systèmes alimentaires territorialisés – Mesurer l’impact des approches territoriales de l’alimentation.

Le but de cette étude était alors double :

  • d’une part produire des recommandations à destination des acteurs français pour soutenir le développement des systèmes alimentaires territorialisés en France,
  • d’autre part de mieux comprendre ce que ce que le fait de mesurer l’impact de l’approche territoriale de l’alimentation voulait dire et comment les acteurs français pouvaient se doter  de moyens pour pouvoir mesurer l’impact des actions entreprises.

L’étude a donné lieu à deux rapports aux visées complémentaires.  Le rapport de recherche, plus détaillé et doté de références bibliographiques multiples, puis le rapport opérationnel, visant à transmettre aux acteurs français des recommandations pour une meilleure prise en compte de l’évaluation de l’impact dans la construction des politiques alimentaires territorialisées.

/// RAPPORT OPERATIONNEL

Ce rapport est une synthèse des principaux résultats opérationnels de l’étude menée durant les dix derniers mois. Vous y trouverez les retours des territoires pionniers étudiés – Toronto au Canada, et Bristol au Royaume-Uni – sur les opportunités et les difficultés que représente l’étude des impacts des approches territoriales de l’alimentation, mais également sur les facteurs clés qui permettent le succès de la mise en place de telles approches.

La deuxième partie du rapport propose les éléments de diagnostic du contexte français qui donnent un aperçu des champs de compétences des collectivités territoriales leur permettant de mettre en place une politique alimentaire territorialisée et durable. Des recommandations à destination des acteurs publics français (collectivités et acteurs nationaux) sont alors formulées, notamment pour une meilleure prise en compte de la démarche de mesure d’impact dans les différentes phases de développement des systèmes alimentaires territorialisés. (lien vers site web)

/// RAPPORT DE RECHERCHE

Pour une immersion plus profonde dans le sujet, vous pourrez également prochainement consulter le rapport de recherche, rapport détaillé de l’étude, enrichi d’annotations bibliographiques.

/// VIDEO DU WEBINAR DE RESTITUTION

Visionnez l’enregistrement du webinar de restitution du 8.12.2015 en cliquant sur le titre ci-dessus.

SUITES DE L’ETUDE

Cette étude est une première étape qui permet d’entamer une réflexion sur la mesure de l’impact des approches territoriales de l’alimentation. Au-delà des résultats encourageant sur la transversalité des impacts de ces approches, elle a permis de révéler notamment le manque de données et d’outils des collectivités pour évaluer l’impact à l’échelle du territoire. Elle a également souligné le besoin de poursuivre les recherches en termes de méthodologie de mesure d’impact.

La mesure d’impacts des systèmes alimentaires est désormais un axe structurant du travail d’IUFN. Cette étude est une première étape. En 2016, s’appuyant sur des partenariats avec le monde de la recherche et celui des collectivités territoriales, nous allons poursuivre ce chantier avec un programme de travail riche :

Questionner les impacts spécifiques et animer des débats recherche-collectivités sur les indicateurs de mesure pertinents.
  • Série de webinars (en FR et ENGL) en partenariat avec le CCRE (Conseil des Communes et des Régions d’Europe) portant sur la mesure de l’impact des systèmes alimentaires territorialisés dans les 6 thèmes clefs du Urban Food Policy Pact de Milan
Se doter d’outils de mesure d’impacts pertinents pour soutenir une action efficace des acteurs locaux.
  • A travers les missions d’accompagnement des collectivités dans la mise en place des projets alimentaires territoriaux, permettre la confrontation des outils d’analyse ou de mesure d’impact avec la réalité du terrain.

Pour toute question concernant ces activités, merci de bien vouloir contacter Markéta Braine-Supkova, Directrice générale d’IUFN ou Eléonore François, Chargée de projet, responsable de cette étude.

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WEBINAR – Impacts of city region food systems? – Mesurer les impacts de l’approche territoriale de l’alimentation

WEBINAR / CONFERENCE EN LIGNE – Mesurer les impacts de l’approche territoriale de l’alimentation

RESTITUTION de l’étude IUFN-MEDDE Impacts des Systèmes Alimentaires Territorialisés 2015

L’alimentation constitue aujourd’hui un enjeu fort de durabilité en termes de santé, d’emploi, d’agriculture, d’aménagement, de mieux vivre ensemble. Au cœur des préoccupations des habitants, elle facilite le dialogue entre acteurs au sein des territoires.

Pour éclairer les porteurs de projets territoriaux de développement durable sur l’importance d’intégrer cette problématique, au cœur d’un changement de modèle vers plus de durabilité, le ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable et de l’énergie a lancé une étude avec l’IUFN (International Urban Food Network) sur les impacts des systèmes alimentaires territorialisés.

A la lumière des expériences de deux territoires pilotes choisis pour l’étude, Bristol et Toronto, il s’agit d’identifier les freins et les pistes d’action pour une reterritorialisation des systèmes alimentaires en France et produire des recommandations à destination des décideurs français, afin d’aider à une prise de décision éclairée en matière d’aménagement territorial et de politique alimentaire visant plus de durabilité.

Dans la continuité de l’atelier organisé au ministère le 17 septembre 2015, vous êtes invités à participer
//// à la CONFERENCE DE RESTITUTION EN AVANT-PREMIERE au Ministère de l’Ecologie, du développement durable et de l’Energie (accès uniquement sur invitation personnelle) le 23 novembre 2015. Voir ici le programme de la demi-journée.

 

////  au WEBINAR – restitution publique de l’étude qui aura lieu le 8 décembre 2015 de 10 à 12h.

VOUS INSCRIRE AU WEBINAR - PROGRAMME DU WEBINAR

I. Objectifs, méthodologie, territoires de l’étude Impacts des SAT IUFN-MEDDE par Markéta Braine-Supkova, Directrice générale d’IUFN

II. Présentation des principaux résultats par Eléonore François, Chargée de projet IUFN, Chef de projet de l’étude Impacts des SAT

      • Mesurer l’impact de l’approche territoriale de l’alimentation ?
      • Appuyer l’efficacité de l’action publique dans le développement des Systèmes alimentaires territorialisés en France

III. Questions-réponses via chat

Pour toute question concernant cette étude ou sa restitution, merci de bien vouloir contacter eleonore.françois@iufn.org – Chargée de projet IUFN. Plus d’informations sur l’étude ici.

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WEBINAR / Measuring the impacts of a territorial approach to food systems

Presenting IUFN-MEDDE study on Impacts of City region food systems 2015

Food is now a strong sustainability challenge in terms of health, employment, agriculture, development, better living together. At the heart of the concerns of the inhabitants, it facilitates dialogue between actors in the territories.

To inform territorial sustainable development projects on the importance of integrating this issue at the heart of a paradigm shift towards sustainability, the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy has launched a study with IUFN (International Urban Food Network) on the impacts of territorialised food systems.

In light of the experiences of two pilot areas selected for the study, Bristol and Toronto, the study has identified obstacles and courses of action for a reterritorialization of food systems in France and makes recommendations for French decision makers to formulate informed decisions concerning land use and sustainable food policy design.

As a follow u to the workshop held at the ministry HQ in Paris (La Défense) on September 17, 2015, you are invited to take part either in
- Physical restitution conference at the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (access on personal invitation only) November 23, 2015. See here the program (in French).

 

- WEBINAR – public presentation of the study to be held December 8, 2015 from 10 to 12pm. The webinar is going to be held in french.

 

To register WEBINAR Measuring the impacts of the territorial approach to food systems here.
For questions about this study or its return, thank you kindly contact eleonore.françois@iufn.org – IUFN Project Manager.

Milan Expo 2015

Milan Urban Food Policy Pact to be signed as Milan EXPO 2015 legacy

Milan-Urban-Food-Policy-PactOn 15th October the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact will be signed with an official ceremony. Milan Urban Food Policy Pact is an international protocol for the development of food systems based on the principles of sustainability and social justice. On 16th October the document will be presented to Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations.

The document is the result of the work of participating cities and the coordination of the Technical Team, a panel of prominent experts with a strong track record in food-related issues and international experience.

At the signing ceremony will take part Mayors and delegations from the participating cities and representatives of International Organizations. Here is the list of the cities involved in the development of the Pact. In France, the City of Bordeaux, the City of Nantes Métropole, the city of Grenoble, the city of Marseille, the city of Montpellier, the city of Lyon, the city of Paris and the district of Gironde (Aquitaine region) are being part of the Urban Food Policy Pact.

The event will begin at 14:30 at Palazzo Reale, with an introduction by:

  • Giuliano Pisapia, Mayor of the City of Milan
  • Giuseppe Guzzetti, President of Fondazione Cariplo

Moderator: Paolo Magri, Executive Vice President of Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI )

At 14:45  Keynote addresses:

  • Video Message from His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales
  • Oliver de Schutter, Co-chair of the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems and former UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food (2008-2014)
  • Tim Lang, Professor of Food Policy at City University London

At 15:10 “Milan Urban Food Policy Pact: Local Solutions for Global Issues”:

  • Ada Colau, Mayor of Barcelona
  • Khalifa Sall, Mayor of Dakar
  • Sergey Sobyanin, Mayor of Moscow
  • Ahamed Jamaldeen Mohamed Muzammil, Mayor
    of Colombo

At 15:40 the Signing Ceremony of the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact will begin. Keynote addresses by:

  • José Graziano Da Silva, FAO Director-General
  • Markku Markkula –  President of EU Committee of the Regions
  • Maurizio Martina – Minister for Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies of Italy
  • Piero Fassino – Mayor of Turin, President of the Association of Italian Municipalities

Giuliano Pisapia-Mayor of Milan introduces the signature of the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact by Mayors and City Officials.

At 16:30 Mayors debate:

  • statements by mayors and cities representatives.

At 18:30 Keynotes  addresses by:

  • Neven Mimica – EU Commissioner for International Cooperation & Development
  • Vytenis Andriukaitis – EU Commissioner for Health and Food Safety
  • Ann Tutwiler –  President of Bioversity International
  • Carlo Petrini – President of Slow Food International

19:15 Conclusions

Click here to download the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact Summit Program: MUFPP_Program

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The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact is going to be one of the most important legacies of Expo 2015. Milan is advocating an international protocol, engaging the largest number of world cities for the development of food systems, based on the principles of sustainability and social justice. This commitment for the coordination of international food policies will be subscribed by Mayors on the occasion of a major event during our Universal Exposition, dedicated to two of the most severe emergencies of the third millennium: food security and sustainable development.

The Pact is also an instrument of foreign politics for Milan, starting from the international networks our city is already member of: from its many  prominent sister cities to the C40 – Climate Leadership Group, the 69 large world cities committed to the fight against climate change. It was on the occasion of the C40 Summit in Johannesburg last autumn that Mayor Pisapia launched the proposal for a  Pact on urban food policies to his counterparts attending the meeting, to be signed during Expo 2015. In recent months, the “diplomats of the cities” have been collaborating with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the European Union and the United Nations, in order to engage the largest number of urban realities. The path towards the Pact is proceeding swiftly.

The activities started in September 2014, when Milan and over 30 cities from every continent began to exchange views to define the contents of the Pact through video-conferences (webinars).

The results of this work were discussed at a meeting in London in February 2015, on which occasion standards and indicators to be included in the protocol have also been debated. The Pact will be eventually signed in October, at the end of Expo, on occasion of the World Food Day, with an official ceremony attended by the largest number of Mayors.

The overall procedure is enjoying the guidance of an Advisory Group formed by many leading international organizations contributing to a more sustainable, healthy and just future for the entire planet. By taking part to the process, these organizations provide their valuable support in reviewing the process and aligning it consistently with the other relevant international initiatives. For the coordination of the project, moreover, Milan has put together the Technical Team – a panel of prominent experts with a strong track record in food-related issues and international experience.

If you want to find out something more on the initiatives of the participating cities, have a look at our Facebook Page Food Policy Milano or at our Twitter Profile @FoodPolicyMI.

Providing advice and technical assistance on local food policy design. Facilitating knowledge diffusion and transfer.

TOWNS AND ECOLOGICAL TRANSITION – Did you say climate change?

Leading up to the COP21 Paris conference, on September 24th and 25th 2015 will take place in Budapest, Hungary the 8th Congress of European Small Cities. As part of the two days program, a specific focus on climate change mitigation and adaptation will be provided through the ‘Towns and ecological transition’ conference, held by the Institut français of Budapest.

IUFN is very happy to support this timely event. Marketa Braine-Supkova, IUFN’s Founder and Executive director will share with the participants the concept of a city region food system as a potential path towards climate change mitigation, and will stress the strategic links in between sustainable food, climate change and urban development.

The opening session will feature the Ambassador of France, Mr Jeno Schmidt, président of TOOSZ and Antoine Home, president of Initiatives France Hongrie (INFH).

A very inspiring program is reserved for the participants, providing a special session on the energy transition in Europe and giving the flore to some innovative local initiatives, led by local municipalities on climate change mitigation. Another session w ill focus on the issues of energy independence, energy production in decentralized projects coming from civil society and the private sector.

The event is held with the support of Confédération des Petites Villes et Municipalités de l’Union Européenne and in cooperation with the following networks of cities : Deutscher Städte und Gemeindebund (DStGB) Germany, Association des Petites Villes de France (APVF) France, Telepulesi  Onkormanyzatok Orzagos Szovetsege (TOOSZ) Hungary, Associazione Nazionale die Comuni Italiani (ANCI) Italy, Asociatia Oraselor din Romania (AOR) Romania and Zdruzenie Miest a Obci Slovenska (ZMOS) Slovakia.

Check the Towns and ecological transition conference’s program.

Check what IUFN is doing on Climate change within COP21 - IUFN, FNH, UNEP Climate Change Urban Food Initiative

Check what IUFN can do for you on local food policy design!

COP21 climate change urban food initiative

IUFN/ FNH/ UNEP towards COP21 – Launching the CLIMATE CHANGE URBAN FOOD Initiative

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FOOD SYSTEM - The way we eat greatly contributes to climate change. URBANIZATION - Over the world, more and more people live in cities. CLIMATE CHANGE - A changing climate will impact on the availability, the accessibility and the quality of food in urban areas.

 

IT IS TIME TO ACT ! As part of the COP21 international conference’ program, IUFN, FNH Fondation Nicolas Hulot and UNEP are launching the CLIMATE CHANGE URBAN FOOD Initiative.

 

 

Designed to inform policy discussions in the lead-up to COP21, this initiative will highlight the strategic links between SUSTAINABLE FOOD, SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT and CLIMATE CHANGE and showcase successful mechanisms and approaches to respond to the challenges of achieving sustainable urban food systems in a changing climate.

 

 Register for 4 free Climate Change Urban Food Webinars

featuring international experts and practitioners discussing keys of implementing synergies between climate and food action at the local level.

 

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IUFN-MEDDE workshop ‘Developing city region food systems in France’

As a emerging concept, city region food systems do not benefit yet from a huge literature, best practices are still scares. Thus today, we are lacking data to assess the impacts (positive and negative) of city region food systems on the territorial level. What benefits in terms of local employment? What impact on local natural resources management? What integration of these strategies in a global regional development scheme? What social integration and what real contribution to local food security?

In order to contribute to this debate IUFN with a support of the French Ministry of Environment (Ministère de l’environnement, du développement durable et de l’énergie) is currently conducting a 10-month study to figure out how to evaluate the impact of city region food systems and to provide first data.

As a part of the study’s methodology, IUFN convenes French local and national stakeholders to a one-day workshop - ’Promoting city region food systems in France‘ (L’ALIMENTATION DURABLE  DANS LES PROJETS DE TERRITOIRES – LES CHAMPS DES POSSIBLES), destined to design possible solutions in developing city-region food systems approach in France. This workshop features many inspiring speakers, amongst whom, Brigitte Allain, French deputy (Green party) author of a recent report ‘Et si on mangeait local?’ (What about eating local?), Lauren Baker, Toronto Food Council Facilitator and Joy Carey, Consultant in Bristol (UK), author of the report Who Feeds Bristol?

Check the program of the Workshop Promoting city region food systems in France (L’ALIMENTATION DURABLE  DANS LES PROJETS DE TERRITOIRES – LES CHAMPS DES POSSIBLES) of Septembre 17th 2015 in Paris, La Défense, HQ of Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable development and Energy

For more information on this study, please contact:

Eléonore FRANCOIS, Project Manager, eleonore.francois(at)iufn.org
Morgane SCOUARNEC, Project Assistant, morgane.scouarnec(at)iufn.org
 
French Institut of Italy Conference series on Food system governance 2015

Exciting conference series on the Governance of the Food System with French Institute of Italy

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Starting April and running until October 2015 as part of the Milan EXPO 2015, the Rome based French Institute of Italy (IFI) is providing two exciting series of round tables and related events on the strategic issue Governance of the Food System(s).
Missed the event? No problem! IUFN, partner of the round table series is happy to share with you the proceedings, videos and photos of these timely events, provided by students of the Master on Food Security and Human development of Roma Tre University!

TWO SERIES OF EVENTS TO EXPLORE THE ISSUE OF FOOD SYSTEM’S GOVERNANCE 

The first set of five round tables held from April to June 2015 addressed the strategic links between global food governance and territorial or local food governance. It took place in Rome and was organized in the premises of the Department of Economics of Università degli Studi Roma Tre. It was an occasion
to share knowledge and good practices with Master degree students, PhD candidates, teachers, researchers, members of non-governmental and international organizations, but also the general public. This cycle will be completed with a symposium at the French School of Rome, organized with the Research Team for the History of the Rural World EHESS (EHESS – CRH), dedicated to the history of the regulation of agribusiness.
The second series will focus on the Participatory mechanisms of the food governance, trying to assess the role and the involvement of citizens and local communities in the design of collaborative food policies, with a focus on Italian and French ongoing experiences.

The global program of the conference series is available in French and in Italian.

ENJOY THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE FRENCH INSTITUTE’S ROUND TABLES ON GOVERNANCE OF THE FOOD SYSTEM

ROUND TABLE I – Can we apply the right to food to territorial governance?

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Facilitated by Christine Ton Nu, CIHEAM-IAMM, former CFS vice-chair, this round table brought together following international experts :

      • Margaret Vidar, FAO, Legal Office, Right to food Unit
      • Nora Mc Keon, Terra Nuova, member of the CSM
      • Guido Santini, FAO, Food for the cities,
      • Veronica Padoan, Municipality of Rome and Rome Metropolitan Area.

ROUND TABLE II – Global and local Food governance – geographical indications

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Introduced by Stéphane Fournier, SupAgro Montpellier, this round table brought together following international experts:

      • Giovanni Belletti, University of Florence
      • Silvio Greco, Slow Food Italia
      • Hélène Ilbert, CIHEAM-IAM/ MOISA
      • Catherine Teyssier, FAO

ROUND TABLE III – Water fod foor security and nutrition - Can We Manage and Govern Water for More Food Security per Drop?

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Facilitated by Pasqule De Muro, Roma Tre University, this round table brought together following international experts:

      • Per Pinstrup-Andersen, HLPE Steering Committee Chair
      • Maryam Rahmanian, HLPE Steering Committee Vice-Chair
      • Lyla Mehta, HLPE Project Team Leader
      • Vincent Gitz, HLPE Coordinator

ROUND TABLE IV – Designing sustainable agricultural systems for food security under global change: challenges and opportunities

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Facilitated by Jacque Wery, professor, Montpellier SupAgro, UMR System, Montpellier (France), Chair of the European Society for Agronomy and the Farming Systems Design Initiative, this round table brought together following international experts :
      • Christian Gary: Researcher, INRA, UMR System, Montpellier (France). Head of the UMR System.
      • Hatem Belhouchette, Scientific administrator, CIHEAM-IAMM, UMR System, Montpellier (France).

 

Torino (Italy)

Research and Processes about Food Systems at the University of Torino

Torino (Italy)In the last few years food became the central theme of research of an interdisciplinary group based at the University of Turin, in collaboration with other institutions and universities, such as the Città Metropolitana of Turin, the Politecnico of Turin and the University of Gastronomic Sciences.

The activities of research-action of the group are currently focusing on various projects.

The first is the design of the Atlas of Food of Torino Metropolitana (with Politecnico of Turin and University of Gastronomic Sciences). The core of the project is the development of a methodology of analysis of urban food systems based on the realization of a multimedia, interactive, participated Atlas of Food, centered on the city of Turin. The general objective of the project is to develop and implement an interdisciplinary methodology of food system analysis and assessment, at the metropolitan scale, through traditional charts and maps, participatory mapping and a strict relationship with social networks, for field action. The Atlas, which aims at being considered as a space for the collection and the production of knowledge about food in Turin, is divided into three main sections: a) a review of already existing maps and representations about the food system (a map of maps), which are critically reviewed and organized, in order to produce a catalogue of the different existing representations; b) a collection of static maps, specifically produced for the atlas,  representing data about the food system coming both from official archives (e.g. census) and from users and actors of the food system. The static maps will be open to updates and corrections, following the suggestions of users; c) a platform for users-generated, dynamic, interactive maps, based on crowdmapping and the integration with social networks.

Waiting the official launch of the project, which is still in search of funding, some contents are currently collected on the blog Verso l’Atlante del Cibo.

Another research currently ongoing is AFNIA – Alternative Food Networks: an Interdisciplinary Assessment, which aims at investigating alternative food networks in Piedmont Region, following four main perspectives: the geographical one, aiming at understanding the territorial distribution and the spatial characters of AFNs; the sociological one, investigating the dimensions of quality of producers and consumers; the environmental one, evaluating the sustainability of AFNs; the economic one, estimating the value of social relationships between producers and consumers into AFNs.

The research of the group on urban food policies is developed in strict relationship with and on support of two processes of design of urban food strategies which are ongoing in Turin. The first is the working group “Torino Città del Cibo”, which is developing one of the main strategic objectives of the Strategic Plan “Torino Metropoli 2015”, led by Torino Strategica.  The second is the participatory process “Nutrire Torino Metropolitana”, led by the Città Metropolitana (former Provincia di Torino) and the University of Turin, with the aim of mobilizing the actors of the food system in order to build a participated food agenda, as first step towards metropolitan food strategies.

In October, Turin will also host the 7th Aesop Sustainable Food Planning Conference “Localizing urban food strategies, Farming cities and Performing rurality (October 8th-9th).  The activities of the Conference will be articulated around the following tracks: (i) Spatial planning and urban design, (ii) Governance and private entrepreneurship, (iii) Relevant experiences and practices, (iv)Training and jobs, (v) Flows and networks. There will be a specific activity for PhD students and young scholars.

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National analysis – City Region Food Systems on the Political Agenda in France

Food is back on the agenda of city regions in industrialised countries. A 2013/2014 study that we carried out in France reveals that French local governments and actors are involved in a wide array of actions, from the development of alternative food supply chains to the reduction of food waste and the promotion of more sustainable diets. Despite this great number of initiatives, these measures remain largely fragmented. More integrated policies are thus needed in order to echo the systemic nature of sustainable food systems in an urbanised world.

Read a summary of the report published in RUAF Urban Agriculture Magazine n°29.

Consultez le rapport IUFN Nourrir les territoires de demain. Portrait des enjeux français.

Faisant écho à une dynamique internationale montante autour des alternatives au système alimentaire conventionnel, ce rapport propose une analyse de la situation « alimentaire » des territoires français en 2015. Il dresse un panorama des champs des possibles investis par les acteurs territoriaux français. Il a pour ambition d’outiller les acteurs, et notamment les collectivités locales, dans la mise en place de systèmes alimentaires durables. Il appelle à adopter une vision plus transversale de la question de l’alimentation à l’échelle locale.

« Poser la question de la durabilité des systèmes alimentaires des territoires français c’est reconnaître que la manière dont les hommes s’organisent, dans l’espace et dans le temps, pour obtenir et consommer leur nourriture pose à l’heure actuelle des problèmes sociaux, environnementaux et économiques. C’est appeler à repenser la gouvernance de nos systèmes alimentaires. C’est dessiner un nouvel axe décloisonné et décloisonnant pour l’action publique. Le rapport d’IUFN propose un nécessaire arrêt sur image, afin de pouvoir avancer sereinement vers les territoires solidaires, nourriciers et résilients. » Alain Rousset, Président de l’Association des Régions de France (Préface du rapport)

La situation alimentaire de la France en 2015 : encore des  progrès à accomplir

Les défis d’une alimentation durable des territoires français peuvent se résumer en quelques chiffres clés :

  • En 2014, 12 % des adultes français vivaient dans un foyer en situation d’insécurité alimentaire pour raisons financières. 3,5 millions de personnes avaient recours à l’aide alimentaire de façon ponctuelle, régulière ou permanente.
  • 41 % des hommes et 24% des femmes sont en surpoids en France. 16 % des hommes et 18 % des femmes sont obèses.
  • 20kg de nourriture par personne sont gaspillés chaque année.
  • Les terres agricoles françaises, dont a besoin le pays dans la mesure où une écrasante majorité de sa population vit en zone urbaine, sont victimes de l’étalement urbain. La surface du territoire urbain s’est accrue de 19 % entre 1999 et 2010 et 88% des espaces artificialisés le sont au détriment des espaces agricoles.
  • Les transports alimentaires représentent 20% des flux de transport. Ils ont augmenté de 25% depuis 1975.

Une myriade d’initiatives encore trop peu connectées

A la multiplicité des défis répond la multiplicité des initiatives. Circuits courts, lutte contre le gaspillage alimentaire, agriculture urbaine, préservation des terres agricoles, sensibilisation à l’alimentation durable, aide alimentaire… le rapport montre que les champs d’action investis par les acteurs locaux sont nombreux.

Cependant, ces actions restent encore peu connectées :

  • Entre elles, d’abord, car aucun réseau n’œuvre à les rassembler pour les fédérer. Or, l’enjeu est de faire monter en puissance ces initiatives afin qu’elles se développent au-delà des territoires pionniers. Un des enjeux pour les années à venir est de créer un réseau qui permette à la fois d’essaimer et de consolider l’action.
  • Sur un même territoire, ensuite. Peu de territoires ont développé une politique réellement transversale capable d’assurer la durabilité du système alimentaire dans toutes ses dimensions. L’enjeu est de donner une cohérence à un ensemble d’actions encore peu pensé comme une réelle « politique alimentaire territoriale ».

Politiques alimentaires territoriales : le rôle clé des collectivités locales

La France investit désormais officiellement le sujet avec le lancement des dispositifs dédiés – les Projets Alimentaires Territorialisés (PAT) introduits dans la Loi d’Orientation Agricole de 2014 ou les Systèmes Alimentaires Territorialisés (SAT) valorisés par l’Association des Régions de France. Ces dispositifs mettent en avant la capacité d’action des territoires.

Les collectivités locales ont en effet un rôle crucial à jouer. Tout d’abord, parce qu’elles disposent de leviers d’action (aménagement du territoire, restauration collective, gestion des déchets…). Ensuite, parce qu’elles sont les mieux placées pour mettre en place des instances de dialogue territorial capables de rassembler tous les acteurs concernés par l’avenir alimentaire d’un territoire. Et donc d’assurer la cohérence de l’action vers un système alimentaire plus durable.

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IUFN’s City region food systems Caravan Milan 2015 is up and running!

From the 1st of May to the 31st of October 2015, next World Expo – Feeding the planet, energy for life – will take place in Milan, Italy. This global event will gather for six months policy makers as well as the general public on the issue of sustainable food systems.

In this perspective, from  March 2015, till October 2015, IUFN invites you to a series of open forums in European cities to help the territories to build a coherent and sustainable local food policy – the City Region Food System (CRFS) Caravan Milan 2015. The CRFS Caravan Milan 2015 will start in Milan, then cross France with City of Lille/Nord Pas de Calais Region, City of Bordeaux/Aquitaine Region, City of Nantes/Pays de la Loire Region, City of Paris/Ile-de-France Region, then England with the City of Bristol and ending up again in Italy, for the final meeting during the 2015 World Expo in Milan in October 2015.

These festive and solutions-oriented one-day events, aim at:

  • awareness raising of the positive potential of city region food systems through a friendly event designed for local people
  • initiating of new spaces of dialogue, in order to foster territorial innovation and involve citizens in the topic of city region/local food systems
  • providing a unique opportunity for the hosting local authority to seize the interest of its people for sustainable food issue

Indeed, with increasing population, identify a sustainable food system to feed the cities and territories in a balanced urban-rural nexus, becomes an emergency. Innovative initiatives are growing worldwide. They represent the strength of a positive transition we need. Today, these initiatives challenge local, national and international decision makers on the future of our food system. The local authorities – ‘catalysts’ and  ‘connectors’ of a whole set of local policies play a fundamental role in this endeavour.

Check the program of the CRFS Caravan next stop in the City of Bordeaux (France) !

Download the IUFN’s City Region Food Systems Caravan Milan 2015 brochure.

Download IUFN’s One pager to get more info on what we do for City region food systems.

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CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS – Food in an urbanized world – ISU/ 3Keel report

On Wednesday 4th February 2015, 09.30-17.00 GMT, London (UK), HRH Prince of Wales’ International Sustainability Unit (ISU) has convened an international meeting on “Food in an Urbanised world: The role of City Region Food Systems in resilience and sustainable development.”

Bringing together a diverse group of stakeholders from around the world, including city leaders, representatives from international agencies, civil society organisations and the private sector, this high level meeting  was seeking to draw out the linkages between approaches to sustainable urbanisation and resilient food systems and to highlight the opportunities to drive improvements in food policy and planning at the city region level.

It was a great occasion to discuss how the engagement of city regions in food systems policy and planning can help towards a more integrated and synergetic approach to rural and urban development and a more inclusive approach to providing nutritional security for all.

The speakers focused mainly on what can be done to improve the management of food systems at this level – through the better coordination of information sharing, policy innovation and partnerships. It will also explore opportunities to foster a more enabling policy environment at national and international levels – particularly in light of the Post 2015 Development Agenda, the Milan EXPO and Committee on Food Security, as well as the critical climate talks in Paris under the UNFCCC, and the preparations for Habitat III in 2016.

To provide background for the meeting, the ISU commissioned a synthesis paper – Food in an Urbanised world: The role of City Region Food Systems in resilience and sustainable development. Please note this is a draft for consultation – not a final publication. A final version will be published in April and in the meantime any feedback should be forwarded to the corresponding author: steve.Jennings@3Keel.com

Download the draft version of the report - Food in an Urbanised world: The role of City Region Food Systems in resilience and sustainable development.

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IUFN Study – Measuring impact of city region food systems?

Be it bottom-up initiatives led by citizens’ movements, or innovative solutions proposed by local authorities, alternatives to the conventional food systems are popping-up around the world.  Their overarching goal – to feed sustainably local population while being more sustainable. The scale of action vary, though more and more of these initiatives grow within what could be called a city region, a territoire including urban, peri-urban and larger rural areas nearby the city center.  This re-regionalisation of our food systems is today gaining a strong interest from both research community and the decision makers as a new territorial development paradigm.

As a emerging concept, city region food systems do not benefit yet from a huge literature, best practices are still scares. Thus today, we are lacking data to assess the impacts (positive and negative) of city region food systems on the territorial level. What benefits in terms of local employment? What impact on local natural resources management? What integration of these strategies in a global regional development scheme? What social integration and what real contribution to local food security?

In order to contribute to this debate IUFN with a support of the French Ministry of Environment (Ministère de l’environnement, du développement durable et de l’énergie) is currently conducting a 10-month study to figure out how to evaluate the impact of city region food systems and to provide first data.

Based on the assumption that a sustainable food system should primarily aim at ensuring the food security of local populations, while respecting the sustainable development finalities, the study will first produce an impact assessment of a selection of case studies – local initiatives in the two pioneering territories – the one of Bristol (UK) and the one of Toronto (Canada), widely recognized as pioneers in the field of city region food systems. This preliminary phase shall lead to a city region food systems impact assessment grid design.

The second part of the study will then focus on the French context in order to identify the potential levers and obstacles for setting up city region food systems in France. A workshop with French actors will take place in September 2015, to get a first feedback on the case studies and the possible application of a systemic thinking on food policies in France.

The final report scheduled for December 2015 will propose a possible path for city region food systems assessment for initiatives developing in industrialized countries and will offer first reality check with two pilot territories. It will provide specific recommendations for French decision makers in this field and more globally, it shall contribute to a better understanding of city region food systems as a potential alternative to conventional food system.

As a part of the study’s methodology, IUFN convenes French local and national stakeholders to a one-day workshop – ‘Promoting city region food systems in France’, destined to design possible solutions in developing city-region food systems approach in France. This workshop features many inspiring speakers, amongst whom, Brigitte Allain, French deputy (Green party) author of a recent report ‘Et si on mangeait local?’ (What about eating local?), Lauren Baker, Toronto Food Council Facilitator and Joy Carey, Consultant in Bristol (UK), author of the report Who Feeds Bristol?

Check the program of the Workshop Promoting city region food systems in France of Septembre 17th 2015 in Paris, La Défense, HQ of Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable development and Energy

For more information on this study, please contact:

Eléonore FRANCOIS, Project Manager, eleonore(dot)francois(at)iufn(dot)org
Morgane SCOUARNEC, Project Assistant, morgane(dot)scouarnec(at)iufn(dot)org
Sophie GLEIZES, Project Assistant, sophie(dot)gleizes(at)iufn(dot)org

 

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INTERVIEWS SERIES – International experts on the future of city region food systems

crfs_specialWith the universal exhibition Milan 2015 “Feeding the planet, energy for life” and the COP21 international conference on climate change in Paris, 2015 brings about a new and exciting period for the topic of sustainable food systems for city regions.

IUFN is happy to share with you a series of interviews with international experts on their position on the future of this dynamic and highly strategic issue. In each of these, you will find their opinion on what they consider as being the main achievements and milestones in 2014 and also on what strategic events, orientations, programs need to be shared and worked on in 2015.

Check the interviews below now!
Get the latest trends on city region food systems!

 

Hans Dieter Temp – Cidades sem Fome (Brazil)

Since 2003, Hans has run Cidades sem Fome (Cities Without Hunger), an NGO that develops urban agriculture projects in the East Zone of São Paulo. Here, they try to establish urban farming as an alternative for areas with high unemployment and low fresh food access.

Marielle Dubbeling – RUAF Foundation (The Netherlands)

Marielle Dubbeling is the Director of RUAF Foundation – an International network in the field of Urban Agriculture and Food Systems. RUAF seeks to support local and regional governments in strategic planning and policy making in the field of urban agriculture and food systems, implement action research and development project, provide training in these areas and develop a wide range of information and knowledge resources. She is also a member of IUFN’s Strategic Advisory Board.

Florence Egal – Independent Expert on food security, nutrition and livelihoods, Former Co-chair of FAO Food for cities initiative (Italy)

Florence Egal has been working for over 20 years for the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), on nutrition and food security issues. She particularly focused on participative approaches and the promotion of local food, as well as the reinforcment of rural-urban linkages. She is still very active today, taking parts in conferences and training on nutrition and food security. She is also a member of IUFN’s Strategic Advisory Board.

Harriet Friedmann – University of Toronto (Canada)

Harriet Friedmann is Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Toronto. She has completed extensive research in several aspects of food and agriculture, and her work has been published in American, European and Canadian journals. A current member of the Toronto Food Policy Council (TFPC), Dr. Friedmann has been involved in the TFPC in various capacities, including Chair in the 1990s. She is also a member of IUFN’s Strategic Advisory Board.

Karim Hussein – IFAD – International Fund for Agricultural Development (Italy)

Karim is a Strategic Policy Analysis and Knowledge Management Officer in IFAD’s Strategy and Knowledge Department, responsible for undertaking research and policy analysis on key emerging issues in rural development, food security and resilience, urban-rural linkages, farmers’ organisations, engagement in fragile and conflict-affected situations and inclusive rural transformation.

Emily Mattheisen – HIC – Habitat International Coalition, Housing and Land Rights Network (Egypt)

Emily works as the Global Program Officer for Habitat International CoalitionHousing and Land Rights Network, based in Cairo, Egypt. She also co-facilitates the Urban Constituency for the Civil Society Mechanism for the Committee on World Food Security.

José L. Osete – Hungarian National Federation of Local Territories (Hungary/France)

José L. Osete has lived in Hungary since 1989. Formerly a journalist and then the head of the association INFH (Initiatives France-Hungary) from 1995 to 2013, he is now an International Technical Expert for TÖOSZ (the Hungarian National Federation of Local Territories).

Lynn Peemoeller – Food Systems Planning Consultant (Germany/USA)

Lynn develops projects and partnerships to develop a dialogue about the past, present and future role of food in context to urban systems. You can find out more about her and her involvement in building better food systems on her website.

Makiko Taguchi – FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Italy)

Makiko Taguchi is an Agronomist, Co-secretary of the FAO Food for the Cities Initiative, and a working group member for the Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction (Save Food).

Gilles Trystram – AgroParisTech (France)

Gilles Trystram is Professor and General Director at AgroParisTech. With a degree in Process Control at Nancy University and a Ph.D, he focuses the research on Food Process engineering applications, mainly thermal processing of food, looking for modelling of unit operations in order to develop algorithm able to help for design and optimisation of the product final qualities. He is also a member of IUFN’s Board of Directors.

Peter Volz – Die Argonauten (Germany)

Peter Volz is working for the small research organisation “Die Agronauten” in Freiburg, Germany. In his work he deals with all sorts of questions related to food and farming culture. He studied social sciences and environmental governance and is a member of the European network “access to land” and the European CSA research group.

Alison Watson – UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme (France)

Alison Watson is a consultant to UNEP working on sustainable food systems. Their big focus for 2015, in partnership with FAO, is developing and launching the 10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme.

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EVENT – TERRITOIRES, NATURAL RESOURCES & FOOD SECURITY, March 26-27th 2015 Nantes (France)

IUFN is happy to partner with the most awaited international meeting Territories, natural resources & food security, proposed on March 26-27th 2015 in Nantes (France) by Lascaux EU program, University of Nantes. This major scientific event on food security & the preservation of natural resources is sponsored by the French Pavilion - World Expo Milano 2015. 

For decades food security has been implemented primarily by national and international strategies. But it is actually not enough to ensure complete food security on the planet. How can we also think of food safety at the scale of a local community? How, beyond the food security problem, can we think about a policies of rational use of land, water and agricultural resources in a territory?

The Lascaux international meeting is an event of the World Expo Milan 2015. It will gather political representatives from French and foreign regions, provinces, cities, French and foreign researchers from the Lascaux program and the Loire Bretagne University, regional actors, local associations… It will be an opportunity to share and analyze public policies reconciling environmental issues, health issues, economic development and the realization of the right to food for all.

IUFN is invited to join the panel of speakers on March 26th on the round table on Innovative Local Food Policies. Get the program and register today.

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More information on Lascaux EU research program

The Lascaux program (2009-2014) is linked to the 7th Framework Programme of the European Research Council (“IDEAS”). “Lascaux” is headed by François Collart Dutilleul, Professor of Law at the University of Nantes (France) and Member of the University Institute of France.

Major goals of the Lascaux program:

  • Have a better and broader knowledge of the law applicable to the economic agri-food sector, through the conception of a Code of European and International food law;
  • Seek a general consistency in the law through the confrontation of concepts of special agri-food rights (agriculture and food) and concepts of general common law (economic public law, environmental law, health law, fundamental rights, business law, land law, contract law, tort law…);
  • Develop a doctrinal corpus through the realization of a Legal Dictionary on the economic agri-food sector;
  • Identify the legal causes of the crises linked to agriculture and food in continental law and in international law
  • Find a way to give a substantial legal content to the notion of sustainable development of the economic agri-food sector
  • Conceptualize several legal frameworks that could allow Human Beings to have access to sufficient healthy food, effectively frame the access to farmland for small farmers and make international trade of agricultural commodities more equitable in order to rebalance socio-economic development between the North and the South.

More infos here: http://lascaux.hypotheses.org

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The U.S. reports on its local and regional food systems

usda_reportA report mandated by the United States Congress on trends within the country’s local and regional food systems has been completed and is now available for the public to access. The report was conducted by the Economic Research Service (ERS) of the United States Department of Agriculture and was requested by the House Agriculture Committee.

The 78-page report shows the growing trend of producer and consumer participation in local food systems, and it highlights a variety of policies and programmes at national, state, and city levels that have helped to support local and regional food systems.

Available for download are the full report, a 2-page summary of the report, and a previously recorded webinar that gives an overview of the report.

The following key findings are taken from the report:

  • In 2012, 163,675 farms (7.8 percent of U.S. farms) were marketing foods locally, defined as conducting either direct-to-consumer (DTC) or intermediated sales of food for human consumption, according to census of agriculture data. Of these farms, 70 percent used only DTC marketing channels, which include farmers’ markets and community supported agriculture (CSA) arrangements. The other 30 percent used a combination of DTC and intermediated channels or only intermediated channels.
  • The number of farms with DTC sales increased by 17 percent and sales increased by 32 percent between 2002 and 2007; however, between 2007 and 2012 the number of farms with DTC sales increased 5.5 percent, with no change in DTC sales. That DTC sales did not increase may be due to plateauing consumer interest or to growth in non-direct sales of local food (i.e., local food sold through intermediated marketing channels like grocery stores or institutions), the value of which is not measured by the census of agriculture.
  • Agricultural Resource and Management Survey (ARMS) and census of agriculture data indicate that local food sales totaled an estimated $6.1 billion in 2012. This is only an estimate because neither data source collects complete information on the value of intermediated sales.
  • Farms with gross cash farm income below $75,000 accounted for 85 percent of local food farms in 2012, according to census data. These farms are estimated to account for only 13 percent of local food sales. Local food farms with gross cash farm income above $350,000 accounted for 5 percent of local food farms and 67 percent of sales.
  • Farms selling local food through DTC marketing channels were more likely to remain in business over 2007-12 than all farms not using DTC marketing channels, according to census of agriculture data. Farms with DTC sales tended to experience smaller increases in sales than all other farms, however.
  • It is difficult to draw conclusions about the local economic impact of local foods systems because the existing literature has narrow geographic and market scope, making comparing studies complicated. Data necessary to conduct economic impact analyses are costly to obtain, and researchers have yet to agree on a standard way of accounting for the opportunity costs involved when local foods are produced and purchased or on a standard set of economic modeling assumptions. Many questions surrounding the economic impact of local foods remain unanswered and could be addressed by future research (e.g., Are local food systems good for the rural economy? Might the economic benefits of expanding local food systems be unevenly distributed?)

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Citations:

Low, Sarah A., Aaron Adalja, Elizabeth Beaulieu, Nigel Key, Steve Martinez, Alex Melton, Agnes Perez, Katherine Ralston, Hayden Stewart, Shellye Suttles, Stephen Vogel, and Becca B.R. Jablonski. Trends in U.S. Local and Regional Food Systems, AP068, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, January 2015.
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MAPPING City Region Food Systems KEY PLAYERS – Are you in?

CALL FOR PARTICIPATION

IUFN  - CRFS key players campaignThe IUFN – Sustainable Food Systems for Urban Regions – an international research and cooperation hub, campaigning for the promotion of city region food systems as drivers for the construction of resilient territories and sustainable cities. We aim to be a connector mainly between decision-makers and the research community, acting as a Knowledge platform, making relevant and positive information on this topic easily available, a Facilitator, providing technical assistance to local authorities on local food policy design and organizing awareness rising events and last but not least a Think tank with a will of filling the knowledge gaps where necessary.

This is a call for participation to help us identify important actors of city region food systems internationally through a new interactive mapping tool – CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS KEY PLAYERS. In order to cover the greatest number of actors, we need your help!

TELL US ABOUT YOUR WORK in the field, about how YOU concretely contribute to sustainable food systems for city regions’ development.

RECOMMEND A KEY PLAYER you work with or one you would like to work with in the future. HELP US IDENTIFY CRFS CHANGEMAKERS! Those who inspire you, those who help you understand and finally those who assist you in engaging concrete action (local food policy, research projects, tools, etc.).

IT IS SIMPLE ! Fill in this form, or email Rebecca at rebecca.laycock@iufn.org

Share this info with your network !

Your contribution will make your profile accessible for project and cooperation proposals. Also, it will help us monitor the growth of the sustainable city region food systems community and make this valuable information accessible to all.

Thank you in advance!

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Ile-de-France – A regional strategy for sustainable and local agriculture

In a region that comprises of 49% agricultural land, the regional government of Ile-de-France (where France’s capital city Paris is located) has recently developed a strategy to better protect this land and connect it with local producers and consumers. The Ile-de-France regional strategy for sustainable and local agriculture recognises that in order to have green cities, there must also be access to local and organic agricultural products. In order to achieve this, the strategy consists of three central pillars:

  • Protect farmlands and make them more accessible to agricultural project leaders

  • Encourage the agro-ecological transformation of existing farmlands

  • Develop and promote local industries

The need for relocalisation of the region’s food system is quite apparent: According to the Ile-de-France department of Agriculture, Environment, and Energy, over 90% of the food consumed in Paris is imported. In 2011, Ile-de-France residents consumed 26% of vegetables produced in the region and only 2,7% of regionally produced fruits. This infographic (in French) explains further the statistics of the region’s production and consumption patterns.

Ile-de-France has engaged a number of partners in order to implement their strategy, including existing local and regional networks such as AMAP (Community supported agriculture network), research partners such as PSDR (For and About Regional Development), and partners at the European level such as EAFRD (European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development).

Through these partnerships, a variety of new and existing programmes will be used to facilitate the goals of the strategy. These include an agri-urban programme that will aid the community in setting up local food projects and protecting agricultural land, a program to encourage and aid farmers in their transition to organic farming methods, and a number of programmes to support the diversification of farmers in order to stabilize incomes and ensure their ecological transition.

For more detailed information about the strategy and the various ways it will be implemented, click here (in French only).

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Climate change and sustainable food systems – COP20

The 20th annual Conference of Parties (COP) came to a close last week in Lima, Peru, and conference delegates discussed and debated the elements of a global treaty that will address combating climate change and how to deal with its ill effects. This treaty is anticipated to be finalized and signed at next year’s conference in Paris, France (COP21).

A number of side events addressed the topic of our current food system and how they will be affected by climate change. The issues raised were not only related to agricultural production, but also to food security, economics, and the need for strengthening and increasing collaborations between stakeholders.

To read more about some of the outcomes from these side events and the discussions surrounding sustainable food systems, please see the following articles:

Additionally, the CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security has updated their document Six issues facing global climate change and food security to reflect key actions needed post-COP20.

In the perspective of the International conference on climate change COP21 to be held in Paris in December 2015, IUFN (International Urban Food Network) is working on a collaborative international advocacy project highlighting the strategic links between food systems, urbanisation and climate change.

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IUFN City Region Food Systems Caravan Milan 2015

Series of awareness raising events on city region food systems’ potential and local food celebration in European cities

From the 1st of May to the 31st of October 2015, the next World Expo Feeding the planet, energy for life – will take place in Milan (Italy). This global event will bring together for six months policy makers and the general public on the issue of sustainable food systems. In this perspective, IUFN aims to organise a series of festive and solutions-oriented one-day events in a selection of European cities, with the goal of raising awareness among policy makers and the local population of the positive potential of a city region food systems (CRFS) approach – the CRFS Caravan Milan 2015.

The CRFS Caravan Milan 2015 will set off in March 2015 and will go through a selection of European cities, starting in Milan (Italy), crossing France (Nantes, Lille, Bordeaux), possibly Belgium (Brussels), England (Bristol) and ending up in Italy again for the final closing meeting in October 2015 during the 2015 World Expo final month.

The CRFS Caravan receives support from the French Pavilion 2015 Milan World Expo, and in this respect it is officially part of the program promoted by the French Ministry of Agriculture, Forest and Fisheries for this global event.

Click here to take a look at our Caravan Milan 2015 brochure.

IUFN's Special Session Aesop6 2014

Designing a Food Planning Tool – Synthesis of IUFN’s special session at AESOP 6th

IUFN’s special session on ‘Designing a Food Planning Tool’ was a workshop held during the 6th international AESOP Sustainable Food Planning Conference Finding space for productive cities on November 7th 2014, hosted in Leeuwarden (The Netherlands) by VHL University. The conference gathered more than 100 participants (researchers, urban designers, urban planners, policy makers and NGOs representatives from all over the world) around the issue of urban agriculture and urban planning in favour of sustainable food systems.

Even though food planning becomes an increasingly popular subject in research and individual cities throughout the last years, food tends to be underappreciated and not perceived as relevant planning issue by the mainstream. City administrations typically argue that the free market should be responsible for food production and distribution, not the public hand. If municipalities talk about it, it is often framed as the competition between two mutually exclusive land uses: the conservation of agricultural land vs. (housing) development. Thirdly, pioneering local authorities that do prioritise food on their agenda as a political statement (be it to increase the number of urban agriculture projects or public provisioning programmes) appear be able to addressing the issue only qualitatively instead of making it the result of a deliberative decision making process that quantitatively analyses food and non-food benefits.

Thus, the conference’s umbrella topic ‘finding space for productive cities’ did not only invite participants to ask where food should be produced in the physical space, but also what place it should have in institutions and planning processes.

Set as a participatory two-hour workshop, the special session was an opportunity to have a quick dive into the world of planning tools with food in mind. After the inspiring introductory words of Arnold Van de Valk, researcher at Wageningen UR/AESOP, the participants were invited to think outside the box and identify the underlying questions and challenges when thinking about a food planning tool – is there an actual need for new food planning tool? how should such tools be designed and work? what challenges would need to be considered and what could be possible ways forward?

Designing a Food Planning Tool – IUFN’s Special session AESOP6 – November 2014 – Synthesis - This document summarises the special session’s key findings.

Join the dedicated LinkedIN group on Designing a food planning tool and continue the discussions.

France - Tomates © Albane Gaspard

Local Food Governance – An element of regional development for Nord Pas de Calais Region (France)

In 2012, driven by the Vice President in Charge of Food, Regional agriculture and rurality, Jean-Louis ROBILLARD, the Nord Pas de Calais region (NPDC Region) is the first French region to designate food governance as one of the main strategic elements for the regional development (Opération de développement – OD). This is one of the nine OD initiated since 2010, as part of the Ecological and Social Transformation of the Nord Pas de Calais Region. The main objectives are to facilitate access to quality food for all and to build up locally a more sustainable food system.

Download this article as a Local Food Governance in Nord Pas de Calais Region (France) – IUFN Case study 2014.

Check the interview with Jean-Louis ROBILLARD, Vice-President of Nord Pas de Calais Regional Council, sharing his point of view on this exciting project and the one with Dominique TRINEL, Local Food Governance Project Manager at Nord Pas de Calais Regional Council.

In 2013, the region innovated with the creation of a mechanism for citizen’s participation – the Regional Instance of Public Debate – as part of a regional policy for participative democracy, in order to involve citizens in the definition of regional policies.

A large consultation process was launched by the NPDC Region between October 2012 and June 2014, including 3 complementary steps:

  • Regional food system professional’s consultation
  • Open Public debate ‘And tomorrow, what will we eat?’
  • Complementary initiatives/projects launched during the whole consultation process

IUFN – International Food Network was asked by the region to support the process as one of the four experts of the Special Commission on Public Debate, which allowed the NGO to follow very closely the process in terms of methodology, organization and content. A final report of the Special Commission on Public Debate was delivered to the NPDC Region representatives in September 2014.

An Ambitious and structured consultation process

Consultation of regional food system professionals

Starting in October 2012, ten meetings gathering more than 400 food system professionals were organized by NPDC region. Invited to participative workshops, the various actors were invited to share with local representatives their visions of a sustainable food system. Tangible solutions for making professional practices more sustainable were identified together with the professionals. However, economic and organizational bottlenecks were identified as obstacles to a rapid change in the sector. Professionals underlined the importance of a local political support  and collective rallying for the success of the regional food transition.

Complementary initiatives

At the end of the initial consultation and during the public debate process, the NPDC Region asked a number of regional actors, as well as national experts to produce specific outputs.. Therefore, the Resource Center for Sustainable Development (CERDD) launched a document for sustainable food in NPDC Region, a document destined to enhance food systems actors’  awareness. A private consulting agency was engaged to realize a prospective study on the future of the food system in the region. Another study still under way today, in cooperation with the French Ministry of Environment, Energy and Sustainable development and Gilles Billen, Research Director at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), member of IUFN’s Strategic Advisory Board, focuses on the impact of food production on water resources. It includes an objective analysis of the regional food production potential.

Public Debate ‘And tomorrow, what will we eat?’

The Public debate focusing on sustainable food in the NPDC Region was launched as the first debate supported by the Regional Instance on Public Debate. Among the many issues raised during the four-month consultation, local elected representatives wished to focus on health and food sovereignty issues through  two following questions:

      • Could the NPDC Region feed its population (rural and urban) by supporting local agriculture?
      • What quality food and what behavior shifts are necessary for having a healthy population?

Over 700 people representing various fields of expertise (local elected representatives, farmers, citizens, retailers, agro-food businesses, etc.) took part in the different meetings organized during the Public Debate process:

      • 3 informal meetings with civil society (empirical surveys allowing to gather the opinion of over 100 consumers) through a questionnaire
      • 5 thematic forums in cities throughout the NPDC region
      • 1 opening forum, 1 closing forum
      • Regional food system professionals and civil society representatives’ reports on specific local initiatives and/or on strategic topics (22 reports in total)

The different discussions and participatory processes allowed coming to a number of consensus, such as the need to:

      • Reinforce trust between all actors of the food system by creating more links at the local level, in particular between producers and consumers
      • Make public procurement exemplary, in order to educate people on local and quality food issues
      • Use of land planning as a lever to revitalize local agro-food economy and to allow access to local food for all
      • Develop local production and short food supply chains
      • Enhance, through information and education, a change in the consumer’s habits towards a more healthy and qualitative consumption, taking into account the price constraint
      • Promote jobs in agriculture, food production and help young farmers to set up in business
      • Promote local food products
      • Support diversification and a shift in professional practices in agro-food sector and mainly the production phase.

However, some issues stay rather controversial. Amongst these are mainly:

      • the issue of the agro-food model – i.e.: Should we promote food sovereignty of the region or keep the regional food system open to exports and imports? Should we aim at an organic agricultural model or should we respect diversity?
      • as well as the issue of the impact of chemicals on consumer’s and farmer’s health, on the gustatory quality of products, or on environment.

Therefore, most of the challenges highlighted during the Public debate correspond to the challenges identified at the national, European, but also regional political scale. These include issues like for instance short food supply chains, diversification of agriculture, children education at school or at home, consumers’ information in order to make informed consumption choices, or even the role of public procurement in the promotion of local products. It therefore seems necessary to articulate this complementarity between the different scales of action. Other themes, such as food waste, food access, environmental impact, despite their importance, were not mentioned in the context of the Public debate and would deserve to be  at more in detail.

The role of local authorities

The responsibility of the national government and of local authorities in this field was raised all along the debate. Many speakers however showed scepticism regarding the capacity of local authorities to act on open and global markets. Though, tangible proposals were made during the debate for public authorities and more generally for all actors of the food chain, including consumers.

Participants insisted mainly on the capacity of public authorities to open and secure the demand for local products, both conventional and organic. Local authorities were invited to use their capacity of influence on local land use regulations in order to support urban and peri-urban agriculture and to preserve agricultural land nearby the city. Following elements were highlighted as main potential levers for a shift towards a more sustainable local food system:

  • Public procurement and catering as main levers for local action. The exemplarity of local authorities for food provisioning as a key motivational element and a strong political sign.
  • Support to a sustainable agro-food system. A long lasting financial support and the securing of demand were asked to support the development of alternative models.
  • Land planning. The intervention of public authorities in land and urban planning in general, aiming at reducing the urban-rural gap. Building a better lifestyle, more in line with citizens’ current desire of more sustainability.
  • Participatory processes. Giving access to the debate and to information on food to a larger public, including lay audiences.
  • Food governance. The importance of networking between actors in order to restore trust and mutual understanding. Ensuring a better distribution of the value added between the actors of the food chain also seems to be a key step in order for actors to start the discussion. Overwhelming presence of large-scale retail hampers the other actors of the chain.
  • The relevant scale. For experimental purposes, the local scale might be a relevant lever in order to foster local and quality procurement for public catering. The inter-municipal/ regional level seems to be a relevant scale for the organization of this system.

The key step of capitalization

Today, the NPDC region seems to have gathered enough elements to build up a regional food policy. The time has therefore come to capitalize on this information and define a comprehensive and coherent policy, based on the feedbacks from the consultation of the regional actors and on the technical expertise of municipal teams. IUFN continues to monitor carefully this process and will support the diffusion of the final results of this work.

For more information, visit the French website of the project: www.participons.net.

Local Food Policy for Milan © Sisa 2014

Food policy design for Milano metropolitan region

Milan, July 10th, 2014. Milan City council and the Cariplo Foundation are looking beyond Milan 2015 and just sealed a deal to launch a Local Food Policy. This tool will allow the municipality to make the city more sustainable and with more social justice regarding topics linked to food. This innovative project is aiming at organizing public policies dealing with this topic: land, welfare, education, environment, well-being, international relations.

Download this article as a pdf document Local Food Policy for Milan – IUFN Note 2014

Check the interview with Andrea CALORI, Local Food Policy for Milan Project manager.

The protocol was signed in July 2014 by the mayor of Milan, Giuliano Pisapia and the President of the Cariplo Foundation, Giuseppe Guzzetti, thereby giving birth to an experimental initiative on food.

On this topic, Milan Municipality found with the Cariplo Foundation the ideal partner. The Foundation indeed has great experience in the field of scientific research, especially on food. The Foundation has launched a large variety of actions on the topic of food, involving social, economic, and institutional stakeholders, as well as researchers. Among other important achievements of the Cariplo Foundation related to food policy, on an environmental level for instance, the projects conducted on peri-urban agriculture or the agricultural park ‘Sud Milano’ shall be highlighted.

The municipality and the Foundation therefore decided to create a citizen food policy, based on a model already successful elsewhere in the world. Food Policies appeared in the United States in the 1980s. They spread across North America and then in Northern Europe, in cities such as London or Amsterdam. These initiatives aim at improving the management of the food chain (food production, distribution, and consumption), along with all the activities influencing this chain.

Starting now, this will be also done in Milan, engaging a process for the next five years.

“The theme of Expo 2015 is ‘Feeding the planet – Energy for life’. “With this protocol creating a food policy for Milan”, says Milan’s mayor, Giuliano Pisapia, “our city and the Foundation Cariplo want to send a strong signal for the future of the planet not only on the theme of infrastructure but on the theme of food. Recent surveys reveal that the new hunger geography, or rather the lack of healthy food, is creating boarders between urban areas. Still today, too many people suffer from malnutrition and eating disorders. As I said in Johannesburg last February, during the C40 Cities Summit (Climate Leadership Group), Milan, the city hosting Expo 2015, will do its part. As for Kyoto, better than Kyoto: we would like that the name of Milan remains associated with a prime moment of international meetings that will take place during the six months of the Universal Exhibition. For that occasion, I will ask the mayors from all around the world present in Milan, to sign an international pact that will commit their city to build food systems based on sustainability and social justice.”

“It seemed natural to cease the opportunity offered by Milan 2015”, says the president of the Cariplo Foundation, Giuseppe Guzzetti, “but with the aim to give birth to an action which would remain, even after the event, and more importantly, which would be based on scientific research methods, able to improve people’s behaviors. We have been doing research on food for some time now; we do know that these topics have repercussions on every aspects of people’s life. This is linked to the implications of civil society in public policies. We work on these topics, not as a sponsor offering economic resources, but as operators entering at the heart of issues, understanding them and offering our own contribution to solve and improve things.”

Considering the importance of these topics, Milan Food Policy will be, among other things, the tool for:

  • Assessing the existing dynamics characterizing the Milan’s agro-food system such as the data, information and indicators on activities and flows, directly or indirectly linked to food topics in Milan, the different stakeholders, and the social, economic and institutional actors
  • Gathering and analyzing projects, policies and actions promoted by the municipality and by stakeholders operating on Milan’s territory, related to food policy issues
  • Determining the national and international initiatives related to food policies and highlighting the potential synergies at a local, supra-local and international scale (identifying a benchmark)
  • Support the implantation of the food issue in local policies, in the activities of the Cariplo Foundation and along with the other actors involved
  • Studying and defining indicators and tracking mechanisms of the food policy
  • Defining public projects in line with the food policy
  • Involving all stakeholders, through a communication plan (online dialogue platform, municipal meetings, working meetings, etc)

The citizen food policy will contribute to defining the organic framework of all these elements, determining the key actions to enforce it, promoting an active participation of the population and of all those living in or working in the city, in order to gather a diversity of resources (ideas, skills, investments, etc.) for the construction of the food policy and in order to create a multiplier effect in promoting its actions.

Expo 2015 must leave a tangible legacy to Milan, inspiring those who manage the city as well as its habitants to engage actions for a better future.  For this reason, the Milan’s Municipality will be in charge of coordinating the development and the diffusion of an International Pact between cities that will translate and organize the common elements from existing food policies, including the one of Milan, into a guide for useful actions to enhance sustainable, just and healthy urban food systems.

The high point will then be the organization of an international event for the launch of the Milan food policy and of the International Pact, which will take place during the Expo 2015, with the presence of mayors from all around the world.

The Cariplo Foundation will become hosting institution for the Milan project and will directly contribute in terms of expertise, as well as through a financial support of 130 000€ Milan’s Municipality will make available various local data and will provide project management human resources.

For more information, please visit the dedicated website :  www.cibomilano.org

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JOIN THE CALL FOR GLOBAL ACTION ON CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS

WHAT ARE CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS
City region food systems (CRFS) encompass the “complex network of actors, processes and relationships to do with food production, processing, marketing, and consumption that exist in a given geographical region that includes a more or less concentrated urban centre and its surrounding peri- urban and rural hinterland; a regional landscape across which flows of people, goods and ecosystem services are managed.”[1]

WHY ARE CRFS IMPORTANT
CRFS are not a total solution to food and nutrition security, but they can play a critical role in helping to develop the Future that We Want[2], that is often taken for granted, including:

  • RIGHTS-BASED FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION: CRFS can play a vital role in ensuring a resilient supply of affordable, healthy food – particularly for vulnerable popluations across the rural-urban nexus
  • SMALL-SCALE FOOD PRODUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS: CRFS can provide livelihood support for small-scale food producers and family farming, within formal and informal food systems – both in rural and urban areas
  • DEMOCRATIZATION OF FOOD GOVERNANCE AND THE RIGHT TO FOOD: CRFS provide increased scope for local participation in food systems development, planning and governance and can represent a key platform for operationalizing the right to food and food sovereignty
  • BALANCED RURAL AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT: The scope for improved regional, territorial, or “landscape based” management of ecosystem services for food – including those linked with water and energy security.

WHAT CAN WE DO TO SUPPORT THEM – A CALL FOR ACTION
The importance of CRFS is increasingly recognized, and there is increasing amounts of innovation both in food systems practice and in food policy development within various city-regions around the world. However, there is a pressing need to help bring this knowledge together and increase political awareness in order to maximize the potential presented by various international policy processes leading up to the Habitat III summit in 2016 (e.g. Sustainable Development Goals and the climate change negotiations under the UNFCCC)

If this is not done then an important chance to level-the-playing field for the evolution of more democratic and sustainable food systems will have been missed, alongside the opportunity to advance a more systems-based and integrated approach to rural and urban development by integrating agriculture and food concerns to the sustainable urbanisation agenda.

A specific website – www.cityregionfoodsystems.org – has therefore been dedicated to the promotion of a Call for Global Action for stakeholders across the world to engage in a concerted global effort in order to:

  • Increase awareness of the value and importance of CRFS
  • Develop and exchange knowledge on how to protect, support and further develop CRFS
  • Catalyse further action on the ground

This Call for Global Action was defined with support from – FAO Food for cities initiative, Global Food Security Cluster/Urban Working Group, Habitat International Coalition (HIC), ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, ILO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), International Urban Food Network (IUFN), International network of Resource Centres on Urban Agriculture and Food security (RUAF), UN-Habitat, UNCDF, and Prince of Wales’International Sustainability Unit (ISU).

We are now calling on others to join our efforts. Sign the Call for Global Action at www.cityregionfoodsystem.org today and join the international community engaged for city region food systems and sustainable urbanization.


[1] Reference the Rome meeting where this text was agreed

[2] See Rio+20 Outcome Document – “The Future We Want

Food bank supply (France) © Sisa 2012

Florence EGAL on Sustainable diets and local governance

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At the occasion of the Committee for World Food Security Week in Rome (October 13-18th 2014), Florence EGAL, Nutritionist, Independent Expert, Member of IUFN’s Strategic Advisory Board is sharing her point of view on the challenging links between Sustainable Diets and local governance.

 

Where are we at?

Market-driven modernization, basic and applied agricultural research, and subsidies have led agriculture to remarkable progress in two generations. Food systems have become more commercial, more global, and more complex. But achievements in terms of variety, quality, and availability of food products have been accompanied by declining localization and tradition, moving away from traditional production systems to commodity approaches aiming to maximize production of a limited number of species to supply mass distribution. Agriculture policies and programmes have concentrated on value chains, and monocultures of commodities such as soybeans, maize and palm oil have replaced what was once a diversity of food crops. At present, of more than 50,000 edible plant species in the world, only a few hundred contribute significantly to food supply and just a few crops dominate the energy supply. Current food systems face major limitations in terms of natural resources management (soil degradation and contamination, greenhouse gas emissions,  water shortages, biodiversity loss, energy consumption) and social equity (industrial agriculture has emptied rural areas instead of providing decent jobs).

While the benefits of an increasingly globalized food system are apparent, the risks are increasingly apparent as well. Global commercialization provides a great variety of food and beverages to most people – and the affordability of modern diets, measured by cost per unit of energy, or kilocalorie, is indeed increasing -, but it offers more products in processed and packaged forms containing a wide array of ingredients, including salt, sweeteners, and oils. Consumption of excess amounts of those ingredients and products, combined with other lifestyle changes, generates adverse health outcomes. People around the world are indeed consuming more calories but their health is worsening. Changing dietary patterns and lifestyles—spurred by urbanization, the liberalization of markets, demographic shifts, and omnipresent marketing— have contributed to increased prevalence of overweight and the chronic diseases that accompany it. According to the 2011 Report of the Secretary-General on Prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) – type 2 diabetes mellitus, cancer, and obesity – kill more people every year than any other cause of death. Most countries are now confronting a “double burden” of over nutrition  (associated with rising diet-related chronic diseases) and under nutrition (nutrient deficiencies associated with infectious diseases and impaired development).

Urbanization is one of the key drivers of change in the world today, and nutrition is no exception. The world’s urban population currently stands at around 3.5 billion. It will almost double to more than 6 billion by 2050. This is a challenge not only for urban areas but also for rural areas, because rural economies are increasingly driven by urban demand and  many people, especially the young, migrate from rural areas to urban areas in search of better opportunities.

Urban food supply is usually more connected to the outside market than to locally sourced supply. Although a wider variety of both local and imported food products is available year round in cities, access to food and other basic needs essentially depends on purchasing power. The food consumed in urban areas is not necessarily of better nutritional quality, and food safety is a growing concern in many urban environments. More jobs and social services can also be found in urban areas but not everyone is able to benefit equally. As the world’s population becomes increasingly urbanized, the proportion of persons living in poverty in cities increases and a growing number of urban poor face a daily struggle to feed their families adequately.

People who move to cities must adopt new methods of acquiring, preparing and eating food. Many city-dwellers have limited time for shopping and cooking and they rely increasingly on processed and convenience foods, including street foods. Poor shelter, lack of sanitation and hygiene, and insufficient social services in slum areas further compound the problems of the poor. With over half of the world’s population predicted to be living in urban areas by 2020, there is a pressing need to address how cities deal with service provision and city planning for healthy lifestyles.

The urban dimension of malnutrition has received so far limited specific attention, although under-nutrition and micronutrient deficiencies can still be found in most, if not all, cities. Excessive intake of energy, coupled with limited physical activity, lead to rising problems of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. These problems are increasingly found among the poorer sectors of society, where it is not uncommon to find overweight and obese adults living with underweight children, amid widespread micronutrient deficiencies.

We must move from a supply to demand focus

The prevailing food system, in which 30% of the food produced is wasted, has lost sight of dietary needs and is leading to major environmental degradation and loss of biodiversity. It will therefore not provide a sustainable answer to tomorrow’s needs. We need a sustainable approach to offer healthy diets to the world’s population, without exhausting the planet’s natural resources. Policy-makers must move beyond the prevailing commodity approach and start thinking of whole diets and food systems, and seek to remove major obstacles to sustainable nutrition, such as policies that subsidize harmful practices (expansion of the agro-industrial model, including the production of biofuels) and socio-economic inequity (including gender discrimination and violation of human rights).  In the decades to come, the food and agriculture system will need to change to meet the related challenges of rising demand, access and affordability of the variety of safe foods required for healthy diets, in a context of increased frequency of natural disasters, shifting climate patterns, and growing resource scarcity, particularly of arable land and water.

But this change can only happen of we adopt a different perspective and focus on demand (i.e. consumption) rather than supply (i.e. production). We need solutions that are sustainable in the broad meaning of the term:  responding to ecological needs, culturally acceptable and economically viable. Failures in development projects are usually due to over-simplification and focus on a specific ministry. We need a holistic approach.It is time to move from linear to systemic thinking and aim for nutrition needs rather than productivity. The multi-functional role of agriculture (for nutrition and health, cultural diversity, incomes, resilience to climate change…) must be acknowledged and encouraged.

The way people behave and consume eventually drives food systems, and is ultimately a major determinant of production and ecosystem management. Consumers and citizens in urban areas are able through their daily purchases, and through policy and procurement by agencies of local authorities, to make a significant impact on the food system and improve the livelihoods of both rural and urban people. They therefore have a key role to play in the transformation of agriculture and food systems, and can generate a WIN-WIN dynamic which would improve both health and environmental management. Moderating meat consumption would for example decrease greenhouse gas emissions as well saturated fat intake, cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. Existing dietary guidelines should therefore be updated into sustainable dietary guidelines as the basis for agriculture and food security policies and programmes, as well as consumer information.

Nutrition is an ecosystem service and needs to be considered as such along with other ecosystem services such as water and clean air. An agriculture anchored in basic ecological principles and respectful of its footprint can provide an alternative in terms of crop and animal production, employment, and use of natural resources (energy, land, water and forests). Biodiversity offers a wealth of untapped potential for livelihoods, health, nutrition and environments and there is much to learn from traditional and local food systems in terms of sustainability. Protection and management of biodiversity (plants, including trees, and animals) is therefore key to locally appropriate diets, sustainable food systems and resilient environments.

In order to be sustainable, diets must be healthy, compatible with sustainable management of natural resources and social equity. They should therefore benefit both producers and consumers rather than pitch them against each other.

Sustainable Diets are those diets with low environmental impacts which contribute to food and nutrition security and to healthy life for present and future generations. Sustainable diets are protective and respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems, culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources.’ 

The concept of sustainable diets must be operationalized; and the contribution of food production to livelihoods from farm to fork, and their impact on the health of both producers and consumers must be assessed and monitored. 

Institutional implications

Such a shift will require policy and institutional changes and more attention to political economy. Given the impact of food and agriculture systems on nutrition and health, it comes as no suprise that health system professionals are shifting towards a food system perspective. Urban food policy and planning efforts are increasingly addressing obesity and NCDs at local level. From cities in India to New York in the USA and in many other parts of the world, local authorities, working with NGOs, national and international agencies have developed  policy and programmes to access more fresh, whole and minimally processed food.

There is no good health without good nutrition, and healthy diets depend on agriculture. Yet public agriculture and health agencies interact little, and are guided by distinct and sometimes contradictory objectives. Agriculture agencies and ministries aim for greater food and feed production with available resources and technology, while health ministries focus on disease control. Nutrition objectives and outcomes play a role in both agencies but are often secondary to the main political and technical concerns in those two sectors. Policy makers must be challenged to better leverage agriculture to produce desirable health and nutrition outcomes and the commercial food system must be encouraged—and even directed where necessary—to meet society’s food and health needs. 

Providing healthier foods to urban as well as rural populations will require a reorientation of food systems and policies, from production-driven to demand-driven. Urban and rural authorities, producers and consumers, civil society and social movements must engage together to simultaneously address social, economic and environmental challenges to improve and protect people’s health and ensure resilience through the promotion of sustainable diets. Consumers, and consumer associations, have a key role to play through reorienting demand and reporting on the impact of supply policies.

Urban decision makers can help create a more diversified food supply and there is increasing awareness and experience in food system planning among local governments, civil society and the private sector. In the near future, more cities will be forced to re-examine the mix of food supply sources to respond to people’s needs and demand, adapt to climate change and economic volatility. There is a wealth of innovative and promising solutions at local level to guide them. Policy and programmes linking food and nutrition security with economic development, biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation can and must become more integrated.

Institutional set-up and procedures have to be revisited accordingly from the local level upward, and people reconnected to policy makers. The key to successful policies is local empowerment and multi-stakeholder ownership of the policy decisions. We need more partnerships, multi-stakeholder discussions and the reform of institutions to address the complexity of nutrition and sustainability. Priority should be given to policy dialogue and coherence, as well joint action-learning in a multidisciplinary context. Practice-based evidence, knowledge management and networking are essential to operationalize and accelerate the shift towards sustainable food systems and diets, with production and consumption within environmental limits.

Conclusion: sustainable diets require and can  contribute to local governance

Food and nutrition are at a crossroads. If we aim for sustainable development, we will need to bring together economics, social equity, and environmental management. We cannot avoid any longer the need to deal with complexity and this can best be done at decentralised level where local institutions have to face concrete issues and develop pragmatic approaches. Governance at all levels is key to bring all stakeholders to respond to local needs and opportunities, support geographic alignment and integration of productive and social programmes, foster intersectoral collaboration and harmonize policy-making. Territorial planning based on agroecological zoning can help us find answers and learn together.

Local authorities are key players in this context, however, urban actors have often not considered the food system an important issue when designing, planning and managing cities. Many became aware of the issue in 2008, when food prices peaked. More than 20 countries around the world experienced food riots in urban areas.

Nutrition and sustainability must be central in our efforts to reduce poverty and hunger. These issues are complex and need a holistic, human-centered approach. Focusing on food security, nutrition and livelihoods in urban and peri-urban areas will help city-dwellers  attain a healthier life. It will also allow municipalities to broaden their strategies and contribute to the post-2015 agenda. A diverse, nutritious and safe diet offers the opportunity for increased resilience, sustainability, and advances in human health, nutrition, productivity and livelihoods.

Hunger estimates today remain around 840 million. While the persistent burden of under-nutrition is seen as the unfinished health agenda of the 20th Century, poor diets and unhealthy lifestyles are the emerging threat for the 21st century. WHO estimated in 2011 that more than 40 million children under the age of five were overweight and at least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese. Health is a strong motivating factor for people to change their behavior. There are therefore big opportunities for triple wins of health, environment and development.

Landscape

Local governments in the run-up to Paris Climate 2015: from local stakeholders to global facilitators

Climate change is without a doubt the first international issue to require absolute solidarity. Its effects naturally transcend borders, whatever their nature, while its treatment continues to be countered by conflicts of interest, economic lobbies and governmental caution. It is also a question of democracy.

First and foremost, however, the challenge is one that concerns our social model, our consumption, our lifestyles and work habits, and the new points of reference that, today, must define the framework of our development and our liberation.

Recently, a synthesis of a Parliamentary report was submitted by Ronan Dantec,  French Senator for the Loire-Atlantique departement, and Michel Delebarre,  former French Ministre d’État and Senator for the Nord department on the role of Local governments in the run-up to Paris Climate 2015 Conference.

The report, based on more than 30 consultations with experts, representatives of the French autorities and the European Commission, and networks of elected officials, as well as 300 responses from local governments to a dedicated questionnaire is developing three major steps : 1. Building the capacity of local governments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions ; 2. Local governments are crucial to mobilization for Paris Climate 2015; 3. Local governments are crucial to negotiations.

Action of local governments, which design, initiate and coordinate local projects is highlighted with  examples of best practices and tools made available to local areas.

Local governments, aware of their role, must be granted the responsibilities that they are keen to assume in the fight against climate change, so that they may support and uphold the commitments made by the states. There is still some way to go, but a number of solutions and proposals exist.

Above all, we firmly believe that, beyond their usual remit, they can make a three-fold contribution, by mobilizing local civil society, playing a key role in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and, lastly, facilitating negotiations between states and subsequent action.

Real interest has been shown, and France can hope to count on its territories and elected officials. A process must be set in motion, both in France and throughout Europe. But, in order to persuade, it is necessary to demonstrate, reassure, and build links. The report offers 30 proposals on how to launch this mobilization towards a successful COP 21. At a global level, the networks of elected officials, the strength of the French-speaking community and our diplomatic network are assets that we must exploit.

Things are changing in the United States, in China and in many other countries, but we must help support this movement. The authors believe that local governments are one of the keys to doing so!

Download the Report Synthesis (in English) Local governments in the run-up to Paris Climate 2015: from local stakeholders to global facilitators.

Download the Full version of the Report  (in French) Local governments in the run-up to Paris Climate 2015: from local stakeholders to global facilitators.

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CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS & SUSTAINABLE URBANISATION – CFS 41 side event, October 17th Rome

Today, it is increasingly realised that City Region Food Systems (CRFS) can play an important part in helping to provide for many peoples’ food security and nutrition. The development of CRFS is an expression of a new, more integrated approach to rural and urban development, which is now becoming a common theme, not only in food security discourse, but also in international discussions to do with local employment, rural livelihood development, resilience, climate change, trade and environmental sustainability.

In this perspective, the following organizations defined a Call for Global Action in favor of CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS & SUSTAINABLE URBANISATION – FAO Food for cities initiative, World Food Program (WFP), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI), International Urban Food Network (IUFN), Habitat International Coalition (HIC), and International network of Resource Centers on Urban Agriculture and Food security (RUAF).

IUFN together with partner institutions is now calling on others to join our efforts. 

As a first step towards a multistakeholders cooperation mechanism, core partner institutions of the Call for Global Action are organizing a dedicated side event during the Committee on World Food Security (CFS Week 13-18 October 2014, Rome, Italy).

A Call for Global Action for City Region Food Systems and Sustainable Urbanization, initially launched at the World Urban Forum 7, will be presented at this occasion. A new collaborative mechanism, hosted at www.cityregionfoodsystems.org, will link UN agencies, local authorities associations, civil  society and non-governmental organizations, the research community and the private sector, including representatives of smallholders and family farmers, in order to exchange good practices and knowledge for local action.

 

CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS

SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS AND URBANISATION 

Friday morning October 17th 2014, Lebanon Room (D209) at FAO Headquarter

CHECK the agenda.

08:15 Coffee
08:30 Opening remarks Paul Munro-Faure, Chair-FAO Food for the Cities Interdisciplinary Initiative
Introduction to the Global City Region Food System collaborative effort by David Edwards, International Sustainability Unit
08:40 The role of local authorities and urban food system for a sustainable world Andrea Calori, Milan Food Policy Technical Team
08:50 Panel discussion Karim Hussein, IFAD Marina Angeloni, Global Food Security Cluster, WFP Carlos Seré, Bioversity International Davinder Lamba, Mazingira Institute Maurizio Mariani, Eating CityTBD, ORU-FOGAR
09:15 Q & A  – moderator: Paul Munro-Faure, FAO
09:25 Wrap up next steps and call for cooperation

More information on the CFS Week available online.

More information on the CFS

The Committee on World Food Security (CFS) was established in 1974 as an intergovernmental body to serve as a forum in the United Nations System for review and follow-up of policies concerning world food security including production and physical and economic access to food. During 2009 the CFS underwent reform to make it more effective by including a wider group of stakeholders and increasing its ability to promote polices that reduce food insecurity.

The vision of the reformed CFS is to be the most inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders to work together to ensure food security and nutrition for all.  It will work in a coordinated manner in support of country led processes that lead to food security.  Using a phased approach CFS will:

    • Coordinate a global approach to food security
    • Promote policy convergence
    • Support and advise countries and regions
    • Coordinate at national and regional levels
    • Promote accountability and share best practices
    • Develop a global strategic framework for food security and nutrition

The framework of the reformed CFS broadens participation and aims to:

    • Give a voice to all stakeholders in the world food system
    • Be inclusive and encourage an exchange of views and experiences
    • Build on empirical evidence and scientific analysis
    • Monitor the effectiveness of actions towards reducing hunger
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Launch of the UN Habitat/UCLG/LSE Cities survey on urban governance

Under the coordination of LSE Cities, and with the collaboration of UN Habitat, the UCLG Decentralisation and Local Governance Committee is launching a survey on Urban Governance. Initial results of this survey will inform the 2014 Urban Age Conference in Delhi, India which will bring together a wide range of policy makers, academics and city experts to discuss the role of urban governance in shaping the future development of cities. This effort will result in a publication of the prestigious LSE Cities and will contribute to the elaboration of the 4th UCLG Global Report on Decentralisation and Local Democracy.

The survey and its underlying research have three main objectives: 1) Address the urban governance ‘data challenge’, i.e. deal with the problem that regardless of constantly increasing information on urban governance in individual cities, we continue to have very limited knowledge on the wide spectrum of different urban governance arrangements; 2) Establish a platform for individual cities to identify international urban governance cases that are of particular relevance to their own specific situations. This would potentially allow for a more fruitful exchange of good practice; and 3) Explore new and innovative ways for communicating and mapping urban governance for public dissemination, comparative policy and research analysis.

The success of this study depends on the level of participation of local governments in different countries and global regions. Its impact will certainly profit from the current global momentum related to urban governance related questions. The United Nations are currently debating the future priorities for the post-2015 world development agenda. As the world becomes increasingly urbanised, the urban agenda and urban governance are central issues in these discussions. The better the data gathered in the survey, the better the final results of the study. Thus, we would like to encourage the participation in this initiative of UCLG members and all local governments of the world.

Start the survey NOW.

More information: m.lee13@lse.ac.uk.

Source : UCLG website news.

Cairo, Eqypt

Launch of SITOPOLIS – open access journal on Urban Agriculture and Regional Food Systems

SITOPOLIS – Urban Agriculture and Regional Food Systems is a multi-disciplinary, peer-reviewed and open access journal focussing on urban and peri-urban agriculture and systems of urban and regional food provisioning in developing, transition and advanced economies.

The journal intends to be a platform for cutting edge research on urban and peri-urban agricultural production for food and non-food (e.g. flowers, medicine, cosmetics) uses and for social, environmental and health services (e.g. tourism, water storage, care, education, waste recycling, urban greening). It aims to explore, analyse and critically reflect upon urban and regional food production, processing, transport, trade, marketing and consumption and the social, economic, environmental, health and spatial contexts, relations and impacts of these food provisioning activities.

The journal addresses one of the contemporary grand societal challenges: how to secure the availability, affordability and access to culturally appropriate, nutritious and safe food for a growing and rapidly urbanizing world population in times of increasing resource scarcity, diet-related ill-health and climate change. This contemporary grand societal challenge requires a multi-disciplinary approach and hence SITIPOLIS welcomes contributions from a wide variety of disciplines, such as sociology, economics, marketing and consumer studies, gender studies, human and economic geography, urban and regional planning, architecture, urbanism, landscape architecture, political science, agronomy, soil science, water management, and public health studies.

The journal publishes original research as well as critical reviews. All articles published in SITOPOLS are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license. This means that everyone has free and unlimited access to the full-text of all articles published in SITOPOLIS, and
- everyone is free to re-use the published material if proper accreditation/citation of the original publication is given.
- open access publication is supported by the authors’ institutes or research funding agencies by payment of a comparatively low Article Processing Charge (APC) for accepted articles.

Meaning of Open Access

Peer-reviewed articles are freely available without subscription or price barriers,
each article is immediately released in open access format (no embargo period), and
published material can be re-used without obtaining permission as long as a correct citation to the original publication has been made.

All articles published in SITOPOLIS, including data, graphics, and supplements, can be linked from external sources, scanned by search engines, re-used by text mining applications or websites, blogs, etc. are made available free of charge under the condition of proper accreditation of the source and original publisher. BSP believes that open access publishing fosters the exchange of research results amongst scientists from different disciplines, thus facilitating interdisciplinary research. Open-access publishing also provides access to research results to researchers worldwide, including those from developing countries, and to an interested general public. We believe that open access is an enriching part of the scholarly communication process that can and should co-exist with other forms of communication and publication, such as society-based publishing and conferencing activities.

Important Note: some articles (especially Reviews) may contain figures, tables or text taken from other publications, for which BSP does not hold the copyright or the right to re-license the published material. Please note that you should inquire with the original copyright holder (usually the original publisher or authors), whether or not this material can be re-used.

More info available here: www.sitopolis.org

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Eating habits must change to protect people and planet

Government leadership and substantial investment in research are needed to shift global consumption habits towards eating patterns that are both healthy and sustainable, say academics, industry and NGOs representatives in a new report.

The report, Changing What We Eat, published today by the Food Climate Research Network (FCRN), part of the Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford, outlines the work needed to shift societies to consumption patterns that can meet both public health and environmental goals.

Research is now needed in three key areas, say those involved in the report:

1. What are healthy sustainable eating patterns?

2. How do we eat now, why, and what are the health and sustainability implications?

3. How do we achieve positive change?

Experts say global trends in eating habits – including increasing meat consumption in many parts of the world – are detrimental both to the environment and to human health, and that a significant shift in consumption practices among high consuming populations is needed. The food system contributes to some 20-30 per cent of human-generated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, is the leading cause of deforestation, land and soil degradation and biodiversity loss, accounts for 70 per cent of all human water use and is a major source of water pollution. Livestock rearing, for meat and dairy products, carries a particularly high environmental cost, accounting for some 15 per cent of global GHG emissions. At the same time, current eating patterns, alongside other lifestyle factors, are putting an unsustainable burden on health services around the world. While meat and animal products can be an important source of nutrients for many, high and growing intakes are associated with a range of chronic diseases.

The report’s lead author, Dr Tara Garnett of the FCRN, says a focus on consumption – on eating more sustainably – is urgently needed. “There have been important efforts to improve the sustainability of food production in recent years. But while these production-side measures are necessary, they are not by themselves sufficient. To address the multiple environmental, health and societal challenges we face we also need to adopt eating patterns that have lower environmental impacts, deliver broader societal benefits, and support good health.”

The report follows a workshop organised by the FCRN, and funded and hosted by the Wellcome Trust with additional support from the UK’s multi-agency Global Food Security Programme. The report invites collaboration with the FCRN in driving forward investment and research.

Dr Garnett added: “Action for sustainable eating will always be a shared responsibility across industry, academics, civil society and consumers and there is a growing willingness by many to engage in this challenge. But there is an urgent need for political leadership to set the direction of travel and to provide support.

“We also need substantial government-backed investment in research to improve our understanding of how we can actually change patterns of consumption.”

Notes to Editors

• Participants in the workshop, held on 22-23 April 2014, included the Food and Drink Federation, Mars, WWF, Eating Better Alliance, DEFRA and World Cancer Research Fund International as well as leading academics. (For a full list of participants please see Appendix 1 of the report.)

• The Food Climate Research Network was set up in 2005 and is now based at the Environmental Change Institute at the University of Oxford. The FCRN’s main aims are to communicate information on food, climate change and wider issues of sustainability, bring people together to share knowledge and ideas, and act as an ‘honest broker’ between different stakeholders who may have very different perspectives and priorities. For more information see www.fcrn.org.uk .

• The citation for the report is: Garnett T (2014). Changing what we eat: A call for research & action on widespread adoption of sustainable healthy eating. Food Climate Research Network, University of Oxford.

Key facts

• Studies generally find that lower environmental impact eating patterns (measured by GHG emissions and land use) are centred on a diverse range of minimally processed tubers, whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables, with animal products eaten sparingly.

• In high income countries, agricultural production accounts for about 50 per cent of food-related GHG emissions. The remaining 50 per cent is caused by the manufacture, transport, retailing, cooking and refrigeration of foods.

• Between 30 and 50 per cent of all food produced globally is wasted. This loss not only undermines food security but represents a waste of land, water and other inputs, as well as causing the generation of unnecessary emissions.

• In regions such as Europe, Australia and the United States, per capita consumption of animal products, is typically very high but is broadly static. Per capita intakes in the emerging economies of Brazil, India and China, tend to be about 30-50% lower than in high income regions but are rising rapidly. Most of the growth in global demand for animal products will come from these growing populations and economies.

Source: Food Climate Research Network press release 2014. More information is to find on FCRN’s website.

Landscape

City Regions as Landscapes for People, Food and Nature

City Regions as Landscapes for People, Food and Nature is a new take on integrated landscapes that highlights important linkages between cities, peri-urban areas and rural areas. Challenges like poverty, climate change, and growing demand for resources are issues faced across the urban rural continuum, and they all relate to food. With food and agriculture linking the ecosystems, economies, and public health of communities rural and urban, we must plan for food systems on a city region scale in order to meet 21st century challenges and reduce the risk they pose to food and nutrition security.

Co-authors Thomas Forster, a faculty member at the New School’s Food Studies Program, and Arthur Getz Escudero, a researcher at Cardiff University School of Planning and Geography, highlight innovative research and policy bridges for solutions that address common challenges and opportunities in these areas which have long been considered in isolation.

Read the report that Gino Van Begin, Secretary General of ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability calls “a timely response to the demand [...] to incorporate food security, nutrition, sustainable agriculture and related ecosystem services in urban and regional planning for human communities.”

Source and more info available on the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature, an international initiative for Dialogue, Learning and Action website.

Cover of Creating City Regions that work as Landscapes for People, Food and Nature

 

Zagreb © joyfull / Shutterstock.com

French regions officially supporting the development of territorial food systems

French regions committed to the development of regional food systems during the conference organized by the Brittany region and association of French regions (ARF) on July 4th 2014, in Rennes.

This conference, held under the patronage of Pierrick Massiot, President of the Brittany region, was part of the official events organized by France for the International Year of Family Farming promoted by the UN General Assembly.

Offering an alternative to agro-food industry and mass consumption, regional food systems aim at re-valuing the products from short supply-chains, and favoring family farming, small enterprises and alternative supply chains. They limit environmental impact and waste along the food chain.

The conference in Rennes, which gathered around 200 elected representatives, civil servants and experts, presented innovative practices of given territories and international cooperation opportunities between the North and the South.

The signature of the Rennes Declaration on Territorial Food Systems ARF 2015 allowed regions to officially present their interest in and their commitment to regional food systems. The ARF wishes mainly to “further encourage French regions in promoting regional food systems on their territory and in their actions for international cooperation”.

Through the Declaration, the French regions call for the creation of a stronger link between regional policies, reinforced by the recent transfer of management from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), and the national agricultural policy. They commit to develop synergies taking into account the characteristics of regional systems in creating regional rural development programs.

Download the Declaration in French - Déclaration de Rennes pour des Systèmes alimentaires territorialisés or in English –   Rennes Declaration on Territorial Food Systems ARF 2015.

For more information (in French), please visit the ARF’s website.

Sirsi, India

Online consultation on 10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme

At the UNCSD Rio+20 Conference in June 2012, Heads of State formally adopted the 10 Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production (10YFP). The 10YFP is a global framework for action to enhance international cooperation on sustainable consumption and production (SCP). More information on the 10YFP can be found at www.unep.org/10YFP.

In March 2014, the 10YFP Board approved the request presented by various member states, FAO and UNEP for the development of a 10YFP Programme on Sustainable Food Systems based on the work and experience of the FAO-UNEP Sustainable Food Systems Programme and Agri-food Taskforce (see www.fao.org/ag/ags/sustainable-food-consumption-and-production/en/). Given the central role of food in society, the proposed 10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme (SFSP) is foreseen as a significant opportunity to contribute to accelerating the shift to SCP in both developing and developed countries.

Sustainable food systems are key to ensuring sustainable development. They have to ensure food security and nutrition and satisfy a growing demand for quantity, quality and diversity. At the same time current food production and consumption already exert a considerable impact on the environment and play a significant socio-economic role. Food systems are very diverse and their impacts also. A 10YFP SFSP needs to be relevant and adaptable to various local and regional specificities and take into account different levels of development.

By leveraging international collaboration, networks and research, stimulating innovation, new project implementation and scaling up current initiatives, a global programme on sustainable food systems aims at providing an opportunity to achieve measurable improvements towards more sustainable consumption and production of food. It is important to note that any policy, regulatory and voluntary instruments proposed by a 10YFP programme are implementable on a voluntary basis.

FAO and UNEP are playing a ‘catalyzing’ role in the development of the sustainable food programme. Any stakeholder, from any country, can be involved in the design and implementation of this programme: Governments, private sector, civil society, researchers, UN agencies, financial institutions, and others. This survey is your opportunity to contribute to this effort. You will also have the opportunity to register your ongoing interest in being involved in the 10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme at the end of this questionnaire.

The survey is expected to take 20 minutes. You can save your results and return to the survey if you wish. If you would like to receive additional information, please contact: agrifoodtaskforce@unep.org

Responses to this survey are due by Wednesday, 23 July 2014.

START THE SURVEY NOW.

Daniel and Nina Carasso

Launch of IPES-Food – a new group of high level scientists on sustainable food systems

The Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation established an International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food).

IPES-Food initiative addresses evidence-based advocacy on sustainable food systems and diets. This group of high-level scientists aims to provide the policy makers, the private sector and the public at large with the evidence to guide a transition towards sustainable food systems and diets.

The food challenge requires that today modes of production, supply chain and consumption are rethought and reworked. This cannot be allowed to emerge slowly. It must be actively pushed and promoted. The evidence for the need to significantly change our food systems and diets is increasingly strong. As declared by Prof. Olivier De Schutter, who is finalizing his mandate as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, “Producing more food will not do. Food systems must be reshaped with a view to ensuring social equity and the reduction of rural poverty, protecting our resource base and delivering better health outcomes. Multidisciplinary research is urgently needed to promote adequate solutions at policy and global levels. And it must include an analysis of consumer behaviour, to encourage sustainable consumption as an integral part of food systems reform.” Prof. De Schutter will co-chair IPES-Food, together with Dr Olivia Yambi.                                             

The aims of IPES-Food initiative

To achieve its objectives, IPES-Food seeks to:

  • Analyze and synthesize evidence in the field of sustainable food systems and diets
  • Identify gaps of knowledge and priority fields of research, encourage and guide research on sustainable food systems and diets
  • Develop tools for decision makers in order to determine national guidelines on sustainable diets
  • Influence stakeholders (policy makers, scientific communities, food chain actors, civil society, media, public at large)
  • Support concrete food policy transitions.

A long-term outlook (at least 5 years) is particularly important for such a complex, comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach that has not yet been widely recognized or adopted.

IPES-Food will be composed of between 25 and 30 members, appointed for their expertise and commitment to the issue, who contribute in their personal capacity, independently from their organization. IPES-Food is currently composed of 11 members and is co-chaired by Dr Olivia Yambi, nutritionist and former UNICEF representative to Kenya, and Prof. Olivier De Schutter, U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, until 30th May.

The members will cover a broad range of disciplines with complementary expertise spanning the entire breath and complexity of food systems.

At least, 75% of IPES-Food members will be high-level and internationally recognized scientists from relevant disciplines,including: ecology, environment, nutrition, food economy, food sociology, behavioural psychology, food policy, food legal background, food production, food processing and food consumption.

Other members will be actors on the ground (representatives of consumer associations, of the civil society…), experts in global prospective studies and creative thinkers with the ability to devise innovative ways to convey messages.

IPES-Food-EAT Initiative collaboration and overall partnership policy

The Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation joined forces with EAT Initiative (http://www.eatforum.org/). The instigators of both IPES-Food and EAT Initiative realized that bringing about the necessary policy reforms, innovations and behavior changes to achieve sustainable food systems is a monumental task that cannot be achieved by any organization or initiative alone. Sharing the same concerns and overall aims, they have decided to join forces and plan their initiatives in a closely coordinated way, building on their respective strengths, to create synergies and complement each other. IPES-Food will contribute its analysis and synthesis of scientific evidence and messages as a contribution to the science agenda of EAT Initiative and will use the annual EAT Stockholm Food Forum as a major platform for outreach and communication.

Driven by its collaborative spirit, the Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation plans to bring into the initiative additional funding and operating partners (foundations, scientific organizations, intergovernmental bodies and leading advocacy organizations such as NGOs) to further strengthen the initiative and bolster its capacity to achieve its ambitious goal.

“Initially, IPES-Food has a specific task and remit, but the Foundation is aware that its work could evolve in different directions regarding its linkages with civil society, governments and private sector. The fact remains, however, that the world currently lacks a global scientific advisory body that looks at sustainable food systems in all their complexity. This is what EAT Initiative and IPES-Food collaboration will bring. One possible and desirable direction would be to see a broadly supported Intergovernmental Initiative emerge that will address this crucial issue,” specified Mrs Marie-Stéphane Maradeix, Executive Secretary of the Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation.

The Premio Daniel Carasso: an international award to support/encourage research in the field of sustainable food

The Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation’s vocation is to encourage research and promote innovation in sustainable food systems and diets. That desire for progress prompted the idea of the Premio Daniel Carasso in 2012.

The Premio is an international prize awarded every two years to a research scientist or a research team for outstanding work in the field of “sustainable food systems and diets for long term health”. More than just an award, the Premio is designed to promote innovative, cross-disciplinary research into food systems. The 2nd edition of the Premio Daniel Carasso was launched on April the 1st, 2014. Applications may be submitted till June 30th, 2014.

The Daniel and Nina Carrasso Foundation awards the winning entrant a prize of €100,000 and he/she will be the Foundation’s ambassador on the issue of sustainable food systems and diets on a period of two years.

For more information,visit the official web site: http://www.fondationcarasso.org

About the Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation

The Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation was established in 2010 in memory of Daniel Carasso, founder of Danone in France and Dannon in the USA, and his wife. The Foundation is very much a family organization. On its Executive Committee sit its president, Marina Nahmias, daughter of Daniel and Nina Carasso, her family and individuals with different expertise.

Under the aegis of the Fondation de France, the Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation supports sustainable food systems and art projects.

More information available on: http://www.fondationcarasso.org.

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IUFN’s web re-shaping for sunny days

We are happy to announce you that with summer days, IUFN has engaged some profound changes for our website. The goal is twofold. On one hand to provide you even more relevant information on the sustainable food systems for city-regions issue’s progress on international level. On the other hand we are making our best to make the identified contents directly accessible through a more user-friendly design.

In this perspective, new webpages/sections are being currently developed, others are being transformed.

Huge evolution is scheduled for the Key players page that will move towards a Who’s Who of city-regions food systems issue, featuring the key players in the field of research, local authorities pioneers, committed national and international networks.

The Resource centre will also be re-shaped in order to provide a thematic approach of the challenges of sustainable food systems for cities of tomorrow.

Amongst the new sections to be unveiled soon figure:

    • a dedicated section on city-regions food systems concept,
    • a brand new section on IUFN’s ground programs, promoting our research-action work on sustainable food systems for cities challenges in cooperation with partner international institutions,
    • a specific section on how IUFN can help to get you started, how to accompany your progress on this strategic issue.

Benefitting from the flexibility of a web-based platform, we are working hard on all these solutions. You will progressively discover the results. We hope you will enjoy this new offer!

From a more global perspective, you may have noticed, since few days our web is proposing only the English version. As you know, IUFN’s activity is fully based on a voluntary action of a team of ultra-motivated city-regions-food-systems devoted people. In order to be able to make our strategic projects move forward (while they keep multiplying) and to assure the website community management properly, we had to make a choice. We decided then to put the French version of our web on stand-by for the moment. It will be re-developed later on, when our human and financial resources are stable. We would like to thank especially our French visitors for their comprehension.

All our Supporters are invited to join IUFN’s newly launched LinkedIn group on Sustainable food systems for City-regions. From now on, your wish to be part of an international community is fulfilled through the LinkedIN dedicated group and on iufn.org, your access to all contents is easy and direct without login!

We are looking forward to be presenting you the new designs soon!

IUFN’s Team

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Join IUFN’s on-line group on Sustainable Food Systems for City-regions on LinkedIN

You have expressed your interest in becoming part of an on-line community on sustainable food governance for city-regions. Come and join today IUFN’s LinkedIN group!

This new on-line tool will give you the possibility to concretely participate in the creation of sustainable solutions for tomorrow’s food systems within a growing international community.

What is the IUFN’s LinkedIN group about? Innovation, innovation, innovation!

We need new ideas, we need new approaches, we need new people! Acting as a participatory on-line think tank, IUFN’s LinkeIN group is a place to share original inputs, news, best practices on the challenges related to this strategic issue.

In the next months, this group will be key in the capitalization of IUFN’s Paris Land for Food international workshop, especially the redaction of the ground report on challenges of land use within food security of urban regions.

The launch of the IUFN’s LinkedIN makes the Supporter status on our website redundant. For that reason, this status will disappear and all our web content will be available directly. IUFN will make sure all your personal data will be destroyed.

Join us at on LinkedIN! 

Land for food IUFN's workshop April 24-25th 2014, Paris (France) © IUFN/Julien Béchat

Did you say land use? – Follow up on IUFN’s LAND FOR FOOD Workshop

Land for food IUFN's workshop April 24-25th 2014, Paris (France) © IUFN/Julien BéchatGetting participants off the beaten tracks, opening their minds to new perspectives, to new collaborations. Creating a space to imagine together the solutions to preserve land for food around cities: the objective of IUFN’s international workshop LAND FOR FOOD was achieved!

Gathering more than 180 people over 2 days (researchers, local authorities, national decision-makers, associations, foundations, businesses, farmers, informed citizens, etc), the event was a succession of creative moments where plenty of ideas were exchanged. First of all, an Open Forum with 15 discussion groups around a key question: “What new questions, new perspectives and what new links around land can we imagine together in order to sustainably feed our cities?”.  Then, a buzzing day at the heart of UNESCO with 11 co-design workshops addressing particular challenges of this complex question, featuring invited expert speakers.

IUFN Team LAND FOR FOOD © IUFN/ Julien Béchat 2014

 

BROWSE the workshop’s dedicated page and….
WATCH FILMED INTERVIEWS WITH INVITED SPEAKERS
DOWNLOAD PHOTOS of the Open Forum’s huge brainstorming
SYNTHESIS OF THE OPEN FORUM coming soon, as well as the documents capitalizing the co-design workshops.
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Future of EU food safety and nutrition policy

The provision of safe, nutritious, high quality and affordable food to Europe’s consumers is the central objective of EU policy, which covers all stages of the EU food supply chain, “from farm to fork”. Its standards and requirements aim to ensure a high level of food safety and nutrition within an efficient, competitive, sustainable and innovative global market.

However, a series of emerging challenges and risks could put the currently successful European food system under severe stress. These challenges include demographic imbalances, climate change, resource and energy scarcity, slowing agricultural productivity, increasing concentration of the supply chain, price volatility, changing diet trends and the emergence of anti-microbial resistant strands.

Foresight analysis on “Delivering on EU Food Safety and Nutrition in 2050 – Scenarios of future change and policy responses” is a first step of the Directorate-General for Health and Consumers’ (DG SANCO) Foresight Project for future food policy development.

The project aims to provide insight and guidance for future policy-making and the research which underpins EU policy in this area by identifying the:

  • critical challenges to EU food legislative framework;
  • future evolution of the challenges (in years 2020, 2030 and 2050);
  • impacts of current challenges on EU’s food legislative framework;
  • potential critical changes in the current framework necessary to maintain the prevailing high standards.

Download the report here.

More information on DG SANCO here.

Urbact III - un nouvel agenda urbain pour l'Europe

Urbact III – Towards a new European urban agenda

Urbact is a European exchange and learning program financed by the European Union and the member States promoting sustainable urban development. It enables cities to work together to develop solutions to major urban challenges, by coordinating exchange and learning between cities and by providing support and funding for project operations. It gathers 500 cities, 29 countries and 7,000 active participants.

Urbact III is the third Urbact program to be launched and will be delivered across the 2014-2020 programming period under the patronage of France. More particularly, the General secretariat of the inter-ministerial comity of the city (SG-CIV) will be in charge of managing Urbact III. The program will cover all of the 28 Member States of the European Union as well as the two partner countries of Norway and Switzerland and its budget will increase by 40% compared to the current program.

It is proposed that Urbact III will continue its work of promoting the sharing of knowledge and good practice between cities and other levels of government while trying to go further. Urbact wants to encourage cities to develop a strategy of sustainable urban development with all the relevant stakeholders of a given territory. For this third program, Urbact III proposes to support knowledge access but also concrete learning exchanges between cities, in order to encourage the development and implementation of integrated urban policies in European cities. By supporting dialogue between local elected officials, technicians and other urban policy stakeholders across Europe, and by giving them access to the knowledge and methods that allow to think and to build the sustainable city, Urbact III will contribute to the Europe 2020 goals. Indeed, the program feeds and encourages the development of stronger and more vibrant European cities and helps tackle a range of emerging urban issues linked to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth (the three Europe 2020 priorities). Among them: innovation and research, environment protection, low carbon economy or social inclusion and employment.

This program proposition for Urbact III will be sent by the end of June 2014 to the European Commission. After it is approved, the first calls for project proposals will be launched at the end of 2014/beginning 2015.

Several stakeholders, including IUFN, have been invited to give their opinion about this proposition of program, and the consultation continues online. Local administrations, the main target of Urbact’s program, are strongly invited to express their wishes and comments concerning this third program proposed.

More information on Urbact III is available here.

LA FAIM DES TERRES IUFN 2014

LAND FOR FOOD – LAST CALL

As part of its biennial conferences, IUFN is happy to invite you to a new international workshop, LAND FOR FOOD, Land use & Sustainable Food Governance of City-Regions on April 24th and 25th 2014 in Paris (France). It will address a central question : How can we reconcile land use policies with local food policies? 

Held over two days in the heart of Paris, the LAND FOR FOOD provisional program is build on interaction. It will start with an Open forum the will invite participants to deconstruct some commonly held beliefs and to discuss together ‘Land for food by 2050’ foresight scenarios designed with our partners. On the second day, you are invited to take part in multi-disciplinary co-design workshops, resolutely oriented towards practical innovation around  arable land preservation, rural-urban linkages or urban farming potential as well as policy tools such as food flow analysis or food sensitive planning.

JOIN other local authorities, local decision-makers, and international researchers for this unique occasion to design together the future of local food policies for urban regions.

The event is held under the patronage of Pavillon France-Universal Exhibition Milan 2015 and receives the support of Joël Labbé, French Senator. It is organized in partnership with UNESCO, the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable development and Energy, General Commissariat of Sustainable Development, Caisse des dépôts, Agrimonde Terra, CIRAD, INRA, Ecole de design de Nantes and Futuribles and with the support of ADEF, APCA and Sustainable Food in Urban Communities URBACT program.

CHECK THE DEDICATED PAGE AND REGISTER TODAY!

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Appetite for change: transformations in China’s food system

“Shortages of good quality arable land and water scarcity help to explain why the Chinese state is becoming ever more anxious about food security, especially urban food security” explains British planner Kevin Morgan¹ . With more than half of its population living in cities, an urbanization rate expected to exceed 77% by 2050 and amongst the lowest ratios of arable land per capita, China’s urban food system is set to face extreme stresses in the very near future. According to the Food Climate Research Network (FCRN) recent major report Appetite for change: transformations in China’s food system, it has already been undergoing great economic, social and environmental changes.

Those to be highlighted include:
•    A large increase in the volume and diversity of foods produced, with particularly rapid growth in the livestock, aquaculture and horticultural sectors, and a rapidly growing food processing sector
•    Changes in supply chains,  including a gradual scaling up of production operations and various forms of horizontal and vertical integration in some supply chains
•    Growth of new forms of food retailing, including the emergence of supermarkets, convenience and fast food catering sectors
•    Greater international engagement, including imports (notably soy for livestock feed) and  growing horticultural and aquaculture exports, as well as inward investment by overseas manufacturers and retailers and outward investment in food production and processing overseas
•    Rapid growth in incomes and urbanization have led to significant changes in what people eat: diets are more diverse, consumption of animal products and processed foods has risen substantially, and there has been a growth in eating out of the home.

Urbanization is also identified as one of the major challenges. The authors highlight its main consequences on population’s health and on the environment. Indeed, urbanization has direct impact on diet and eating habits and consequently on our health. As far as environment is concerned, .if official policies try to preserve arable land around cities,, industrial and urban development place arable land under great pressure and the pollution of cities are a threat to food safety.
China is moving. A significant decline in hunger and malnutrition has been achieved through an improved access to affordable, diverse and enjoyable food for local populations.  But according to FCRN, the key challenges for policy makers still need to be addressed. They include environmental pollution and degradation, food safety concerns and the rising prevalence of obesity and chronic diseases. In such a huge, diverse and rapidly transforming country as China, this requires both integrated approaches but also differentiated local policies that are sensitive to social, economic and environmental contexts and scales.  The report also emphasizes the potential of international collaboration to find solutions to issues that are not only faced by China.

¹Kevin Morgan (2013) The Rise of Urban Food Planning, International Planning Studies, 18:1, 1-4

The full report is available here.

More information on the Food Climate Research Network is available here.

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The Public Plate in New York City

“Each year, ten New York City agencies serve an estimated 260 million meals, making the City one of the largest meal providers in the world. With the rising prevalence of diet-related disease and mounting evidence of the crucial role of nutrition in determining health, interest has escalated in what urban planner Kevin Morgan has called “the public plate” as a lever for improvement of public health. Others have noted that the sourcing of food for the public plate can support local and regional agriculture. At the same time, environmentalists have raised concerns about the handling of waste from meals, and about the carbon footprint and other environmental implications of urban food procurement practices. Institutional meals are an important defense against hunger, a problem that continues to disrupt the lives and health of too many New Yorkers. Thus institutional food is at the intersection of health, economic development, environmental protection, and social justice.”¹

The new report, by the New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College and the City University of New York School of Public Health, seeks to provide policy makers and advocates with the information they need to make decisions that will further strengthen New York City’s already robust institutional meals programs. To do so, the interdisciplinary working group analyzed the basic parameters of meal provision in public schools, child care and senior citizen programs, homeless shelters, jails, hospitals, and other settings. It then identified challenges, highlighted emerging solutions and provided recommendations for how the City of New York can continue to improve the nutritional quality and economic and environmental impact of the meals served not just in the ten agencies studied but for all New Yorkers.

The report explores the complex mix of institutional meals served by the City of New York. In the last seven years, since the establishment of the Office of the Food Policy Coordinator, NYC has made substantial progress in improving its institutional food programs and weaving them into a system that can achieve health, economic, environmental and social justice goals. The report highlights how the market power the city’s institutional food provides can make healthier food more affordable and available to all New Yorkers, as well as providing opportunities for job creation and economic growth. A great example to learn from!

The full report, executive summary and supplement are available here.

More information on the New York City Food Policy Council here.

¹Public Plate Report Working Group. The Public Plate in New York City: A Guide to Institutional Meals.New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College, 2014.

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Scientists map food security and self-provision of major cities

Wealthy capital cities vary greatly in their dependence on the global food market. The Australian capital Canberra produces the majority of its most common food in its regional hinterland, while Tokyo primarily ensures its food security through import. The Copenhagen hinterland produces less than half of the consumption of the most common foods. For the first time, researchers have mapped the food systems of these three capital cities, an essential insight for future food security if population growth, climate change and political instability will affect the open market. The study was conducted by several partners in the International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU), an alliance addressing the grand challenges facing humanity, with a particular focus on climate change and sustainability.

“The three major cities in our study achieve food security by different degrees of self-provision and national and global market trade. It is important to understand such food flows in order to relate it to the energy challenge and the risk of national political unrest caused by food shortages and its effect on the open food trade,” says Dr. John R. Porter, Professor of Plant and Environmental Science from the University of Copenhagen, who is leading author on the study recently published online in the journal Global Food Security.

The three capital cities and accompanying capital regions or territories have populations that range over two orders of magnitude, situated within different global, climatic and physical locations and socio-economic contexts. Although the analysis is not predictive or prescriptive, it is intended to provide a better understanding of the effects of a globally coupled food system.

The research shows that higher farmland yields have influenced the cities self-provisioning over the past 40 years, but that, overall, the ability of cities to feed themselves is unlikely to keep pace with increasing population. The study has exclusively focused on the historical and current production and not considered whether changes in land management practices can increase productivity further or whether consumers are willing to limit their intake to local seasonally available goods. It did not include citizen-based production from allotments, urban gardens etc.

The authors call attention on “the need to determine the food security and self-provisioning capacity of a wide range of rich and poor cities, taking into account the global location of the ecosystems that are provisioning them.” They conclude their study by raising the pressing question of the degree to which governments will remain committed to open food trade policies in the face of national political unrest caused by food shortages.

The full study is available here.

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Expo Milano 2015: Feeding the Planet, Energy for life

Unknown“Is it possible to ensure sufficient, good, healthy and sustainable food for all mankind?” This is the question that underpins the challenge of the 2015 Milan Universal Exposition. Taking up the objectives set out by Rio +20 and the United Nations Development Goals, Expo Milano 2015 will address the issues of food safety, security, and quality for sustainable development of the planet.

Expo Milano seeks to be a collaborative Expo where the international community can actively collaborate and discuss on the main challenges facing humanity. These challenges involve not only food production and sustainable behaviors but also the application of advanced technologies and new political visions that will allow us to strike a new and better balance between our resources and our consumption.

In the tradition of previous universal expositions, Expo Milano 2015 aims to uphold the positive spirit of faith in human progress. During 6 months, participating nations, international organizations, businesses and civil society organizations from around the world, will display concrete solutions for ensuring the right to safe, healthy and sufficient food for all, guarantying environmental, social and economic sustainability of the food production chain, and safeguarding the culture of (and taste for) food.

Participants are asked to reflect on the two distinct human activities that characterize the transformation of nature: food consumption and food production. Food consumption refers to any human activity relating to feeding an individual in all its most various forms according to the countries, cultures or religions. Food production refers to all human activities geared to the creation of food and encompasses the technology of entire food production chains.

With a great importance given to dietary education, innovation in the agro-food supply chain, and the relations between food and better lifestyles, or food and culture amongst other themes, urban food challenges are an underlying issue in the Expo. Cities being the main place of food consumption but also a place to innovate in food production, they shall be a central theme in the debate on the future of food.

IUFN’s mission to raise awareness and enhance debate on the importance of food challenges for the sustainable development of our cities meets the goal of Expo Milano. Sharing with the Universal Expo the same faith in human progress and international cooperation, we look forward to the event!

Expo Milano 2015
1st May – 31st October 2015
Milan, Italy
For more information about the event available here.

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The success of the green-belt launch in Liège (Belgium)

ceinture-logoThe desire to work on a relocation and ” decarbonisation ” of the food system, to brainstorm about the revitalization of Liège’s local economy, or to think about how to guarantee access to healthy food to everyone, these were some of the main motivations behind the project of a Green-Belt in Liège (Belgium), officially launched last November. Born during an informal discussion between social entrepreneurs and members of Liège in Transition at the 2012 conference ‘For innovative sustainable development alliances’, the project quickly began to take shape. Its goal – structuring reflection and action plan for the development of multiple initiatives all aiming at a greater market share for local products, “good, clean and fair food”, accessible to the whole population.

Thus, on November 5th and 6th 2013 was held in Liège the official launch of the green-belt project (Ceinture aliment-terre liégeoise). More than 300 people attended the evening debate and the next day, the Open Forum has mobilized 150 actors with varied and complementary profiles: producers of different types of agriculture (conventional, rational, organic, biodynamic, permaculture) and livestock actors from meat, dairy and horticultural processing industries, representatives of all the possible range of short supply chains (joint purchasing groups, farmers’ cooperatives, consumer cooperatives, organic grocery stores, web platforms), representatives of farmers’ organizations and trade unions, actors of territorial development, catering, alternative finance, local and provincial government, culture, social economy, training or even research.

Designers of the Art School of St. Luke had the place scenography. Theatre skits punctuated the event.

Designed as a true exercise of collective intelligence, the open forum gave birth to 25 workshops and allowed to come to the definition of structural projects. It was a precious and regenerating moment, allowing exchange and building around a common desire: to restore the city’s capacity to promote local food.

Collaborative platform, the green-belt project (Ceinture aliment-terre liégeoise) is now composed of seven social economy structures. Its official launch was an opportunity to assert its structuring role: to act as facilitator of different stakeholders’ interaction, but also as a spokesperson, especially towards national, international institutions and the media …Today, the project is receives support from many local partners.

A pilot project farm and a cooperative of agro-ecological activities are also emerging in Ourthe-Amel with Agroecoop. Ultimately the project aims to train and assist agricultural entrepreneurs to settle. Beyond these issues, the Agroecoop project is a concrete case illustrating the start of the green-belt project (Ceinture aliment-terre liégeoise) dynamics. Local development structures, the Regional Economic Grouping Ourthe- Amel (GREOA) and Local Development Agency (ADL) from Comblain-au-pont are actively engaged as they share a common vision: local agricultural production valued through short supply chains is a new vector of employment and the social economy has a role to play in supporting independent producers.

For more information on the green-belt project (Ceinture aliment-terre liégeoise), visit their website (in French only).

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WE ARE ON-LINE!

Food is fundamental to all human beings. However, today it remains the weakest link of local authorities’ sustainability policies. The food system cities rely on to ensure their food supply is neither resilient, nor sustainable. As urban food demand grows and increasingly relies on industrial produce, long supply chains and animal proteins-based diets, the food system is now responsible for up to 30% of carbon emissions, and 40% of human environmental footprint (GFN, 2010).

At the same time, by 2050, 80% of the world’s population will live in cities, reaching 7 billions of hungry carnivores to satisfy (FAO, 2011). There is an imperial need to design alternatives to current urban food systems. If cities are our future, then their development will only be made possible if we manage to meet the urban food challenge.

The challenge is huge, the issue complex. Sustainable food systems for cities call for systemic solutions and need a real commitment of local authorities. That is why, IUFN, the International Urban Food Network, is launching the first web-based interactive platform to foster cooperation and help actors come up with solutions towards more sustainable urban food systems – iufn.org. This platform, designed with the kind support of the Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation and the Caisse des Dépôts, shall act as a unique place of dialogue between local authorities, the international research community and civil society.

WHAT IS IN FOR YOU IN IUFN’S PLATFORM ? Thanks to its interactive design, you will be able to:

-        ACCESS THE MOST RECENT DATA on sustainable food governance of urban regions. Our unique on-line resource centre will allow you to access up-do-date and relevant research results (reports, case studies, executive summaries, conference                                  proceedings, etc.). It will also be the place to look for innovative initiatives set up by local authorities, NGOs and/or the private sector.

-        GET IN TOUCH WITH YOUR PEERS AND EXPERTS working on the same issue in OECD countries and in Brazil, India, China and Russia. Benefit from a dedicated social network to access expertise from an international expert community, let the others know what you are doing and get advice on your own projects.

-        PARTICIPATE ON THE CO-DESIGN of a more sustainable urban food systems and build your capacity to think systemically and act collaboratively. The platform’s working space will enable you to go further in shaping an alternative urban food system and participate to technical webinars and on-line workshops.

 

 Who will you find on the platform?

  • local authorities and their networks
  • the international research community (experts from universities or research institutes)
  • local and national decision-makers (policy officers, local elected representatives, etc.)
  • policy officers from international organisations (EU, UNEP, FAO, OECD, …)
  • private sector
  • and NGOs

DISCOVER IN 3 MINUTES WHAT THE IUFN’S PLATFORM CAN OFFER YOU  - watch this short presentation!

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We are all changemakers!

We keep talking about the transition to a new paradigm, about mutations of our societal model, about transformation of the human condition …

The world definitely needs a change!

But what kind of change do we want exactly? The speed of current developments seems sometimes to take precedence over their content and foreseeable impact, and it became ‘normal’ to first set all up side down first and see next. Where is strategic vision, which sees far and is inclusive and unifying? Where is the vision of resilient territories, both sustainable and vibrant?

It is probably time to slow down. Time to give us the necessary means to think differently our future – build it instead of just expect it. It is probably time to get back to basics and renew the way we organize ourselves in society.

IUFN, since its creation firmly believes that we all, individually and collectively, have the power to change things. Nothing is fixed, anything can happen, anything is possible. In this first month of this new year, we are pleased to offer you a new space for dialogue around what, like many others, we consider the challenge of tomorrow and a fundamental building block of sustainable territories – feeding our cities.

This platform’s aim is twofold. Firstly, facilitate the ‘lecture’ of this landscape in full swing – the one of sustainable urban food systems – by bringing into light both the key players and the relevant data identified internationally. Secondly, we wish to gather and to make work together actors from the research community, local decision-makers committed to sustainable food governance of urban regions, but also businesses, civil society and innovative project developers. Because it is only together, through a shared desire to make our food system more sustainable, that we will find concrete solutions.

“It is not because things are difficult that we do not dare, but because we do not dare that they are difficult.”

With Seneca’s optimism, I would like to thank the IUFN team and our international Volunteers who have been fully invested in this strategic and ambitious project. I also would like to address my warm gratitude to our partners – Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation and the Caisse des dépôts, without whom this project would not have become a reality. 

To you, dear future co-designers of sustainable food systems for the cities of tomorrow, I wish on behalf of the whole IUFN team, welcome to YOUR platform!

Marketa Braine-Supkova, President of IUFN

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I’m a City Changer – UN-Habitat campaign for a positive urban change

The World Urban Campaign is the advocacy and partnership platform for cities in the twenty first century. Its goal is to place the urban agenda at the highest level in development policies. It is coordinated by UN-Habitat and driven by a large number of committed partners from around the world.

‘I’m a City Changer’ is the advocacy initiative of the World Urban Campaign. It is meant to raise awareness about positive urban change by engaging citizens in voicing issues and solutions to change their urban communities, and to achieve green, productive, safe, healthy, inclusive, and well-planned cities.

STRUCTURE

The Steering Committee of the World Urban Campaign is the governing body of the Campaign, with its permanent Secretariat based within UN-Habitat. It is the catalyzing, action-planning, and monitoring organ of the Campaign, offering guidance on substantive and operational matters, and to serve as an advisory body to the Executive Director of UN-Habitat.

The Steering Committee serves two purposes:

      • To decide on policies and strategic priorities for activities that partners have agreed to undertake together or with the support of one other. This requires that partners define their respective organizational priorities for the Campaign and identify those partners/networks with which they would like to work together as part of the World Urban Campaign to enhance mutual impact.
      • To advise UN-Habitat in carrying out its activities, especially through the World Urban Forum that is mandated to provide technical advice to the Executive Director of UN-Habitat.

At the fifth session of the Steering Committee held in Shanghai (8-10 October 2010), Mr. Nicholas You was elected as the Chair of the Steering Committee. At the same meeting, Professor Eugenie Birch was elected as the Co-Chair of the Steering Committee. Both were re-elected at the eighth session of the Steering Committee held in Naples, Italy on 2 September 2012. To view Steering Committee Meeting reports and documents, please see the Resources page.

Members of the Steering Committee also form working groups around areas and ideas that the Campaign would like to advance. These working groups convene on an ad hoc basis, typically corresponding with other large events and conferences.

The Secretariat of the World Urban Campaign is based within UN-Habitat’s headquarters, in Nairobi, Kenya.

KEY PRINCIPLES

The World Urban Campaign is guided by seven key principles:

1. Accessible and pro-poor land, infrastructure, services, mobility and housing;

2. Socially inclusive, gender sensitive, healthy and safe development;

3. Environmentally sound and carbon-efficient built environment;

4. Participatory planning and decision making;

5. Vibrant and competitive local economies promoting decent work and livelihoods;

6. Assurance of non-discrimination and equal rights to the city; and

7. Empowering cities and communities to plan for and effectively manage adversity and change.

Download Joining the WUC Brochure (PDF)

Download WUC Guidelines (PDF)

THE CAMPAIGN & HABITAT III 

The World Urban Campaign serves as the partners’ platform toward the Third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), to be held in 2016. Habitat III will take place 40 years after the first conference on human settlements, Habitat I, was held in Vancouver, and the world’s urban and housing challenge was first internationally recognised. Twenty years later, in 1996 in Istanbul, Habitat II served as the place of negotiation on future policies for sustainable urban development.

The Habitat III conference will address sustainable urbanisation and the future of urban spaces. It will also serve as an opportunity to assess the state of our cities, to develop solutions, and to revisit our shared urban future. While cities are at the heart of today’s global crisis, they are also the source of solutions for a sustainable future.

Visit UN-Habitat’s web page on the Habitat III conference. 

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Agriculture and food systems for a sustainable future: an integrated approach by IIED

The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) urges international policy-makers to consider integrated approach in agriculture and food systems transformation. Read more on IIED 2013 Briefing on ‘Agriculture and food systems for a sustainable future: an integrated approach’ by Barbara AdolphMaryanne Grieg-Gran.

Agriculture and food systems are at the centre of the debates around post-2015 development goals and targets. Hunger and food insecurity remain major development priorities, made worse by climate change, price volatility in globalised food markets and over-consumption in wealthy countries. Existing agriculture and food systems are central to sustaining poor people’s livelihoods and are technically capable of producing adequate food for all, but they place major stress on environmental assets including soils, water, fisheries and biodiversity. Post-2015 goals and agendas need to support a transformation of food systems to make them more productive, environmentally sustainable and resilient while preserving and enhancing these livelihood benefits. The agroecological and agroindustrial technical solutions to that challenge are well advanced, but the systemic political, economic and social barriers to change are substantial and under-appreciated.

According to the authors, an integrated approach linking food security and nutrition to ecosystem productivity and sustainable livelihoods might have been a more effective MDG’s approach in the long term, providing it could have dealt with political economy challenges of food production and consumption.

In this briefing, IIED highlights following policy pointers concerning food security and sustainable food systems :

  • Strategies to eliminate hunger and under-nutrition can achieve important environmental and socio-economic cobenefits by integrating agriculture and food systems, the environment and livelihoods.
  • Policymakers should give greater attention to the role of small agricultural producers in combating hunger and food insecurity and develop strategies to support them.
  • Growing competition from foreign investors for land represents a potential threat to the food security of local populations. Deals that reallocate land used by local people for food production should be subject to careful legal scrutiny and cost-benefit analysis.
  • Food insecurity in urban areas has less to do with the availability of food than with factors such as low income that limit access, and with those such as lack of health care and public services that compound it.

The governance of food systems is profoundly undemocratic, mostly involving unilateral decisions of large corporations, and government and international agency policies and investments that are in large part shaped by the interests and priorities of these powerful actors. Sustainable, equitable and fair food systems require more participatory forms of governance. Examples of participatory food system governance are springing up at the local level worldwide, led by networks of farmer associations, NGOs and local governments. The challenge is to scale up participatory governance institutions so that they equitably represent the full range of stakeholders, including those who are not directly engaged in agriculture and food production.

Download the IIED Briefing Agriculture and Food Systems for a sustainable future.

The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) is an independent, nonprofit research institute working in the field of sustainable development. IIED provides expertise and leadership in researching and achieving sustainable development at local, national, regional and global levels. For more information, visit IIED website.

 

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Challenges of European Cities in transition

Zagreb © joyfull / Shutterstock.comThe State of European Cities in Transition is the latest addition to UN-Habitat’s rapidly-expanding series of regional reports on the state of cities, which already include the African, Arab States, Asia-Pacific and Latin America-Caribbean regions.

The current report gives an indepth overview of twenty years’ transformation efforts by the 23 countries and territories in northeast, central, east and southeast Europe that, in the early-1990s, embarked on a monumental transition from Socialist centrally-planned economies to democratic and market-based systems. As this report shows, the transition has been a long and winding road with these countries now in various phases of completing their reforms.

The European transitional nations are a varied group of countries. Domestic populations in 2011 ranged from 68.9 million people in the Ukraine to as few as 632,000 in Montenegro. National urbanization levels also varied significantly in 2011: from 75 per cent in Belarus to 48 per cent in Moldova, averaging about 60 per cent region-wide.

The latter figure would appear to indicate that the region is in the last phases of its urban transition. However, both recorded and projected figures indicate a trend of notable region-wide population declines and near stagnant urban population shares. Consequently, the region-wide urbanization level is projected to only slowly increase to 70 per cent by 2050 and, currently, more as a result of rural depopulation than actual growth of urban populations.

The challenges associated with this on-going historic political and economic transition process faced by the region’s more than 200 million inhabitants are enormous and without precedent in modern history. It involves, as this report shows, deeply unsettling and extremely complex governance reforms that affect all aspects.

But disquieting as major change often is, it can also bring new opportunities. Improving the human condition is one of the main aims of the current transition. But, while reform processes unfold, circumstances can be extremely painful by creating turmoil, suffering and deprivations in the short-term.

The breaking up of the former Yugoslav Republic, for instance, brought conflict, war and significant loss of human lives. Likewise, throughout the region, the collapse of industries and manufacturing processes rendered uncompetitive by their sudden exposure to global markets had major impacts on the region’s cities; especially those whose urban economies were insufficiently diverse, or worse, based only on a single industrial sector. Almost over-night, such cities saw their very economic raison d’être  evaporate, while the subsequent rapid exodus of many young and entrepreneurial inhabitants left them with even weaker prospects for the future.

But worldwide, cities have a strong record as engines of growth, human development and prosperity. By carefully exploring the human ingenuity embedded in urban areas, together with cities’ locational, agglomeration and other advantages – both as individual urban entities or as components of cooperating urban networks – economic revival can often be achieved.

With this report, UN-Habitat hopes to contribute to that revival process and help create a better urban environment for the citizenry of European countries in transition.

Download The State of European Cities in Transition.

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We need new ideas, we need new approaches, we need new people! Acting as a participatory on-line think tank, IUFN’s LinkeIN group is a place to share original inputs, news, best practices on the challenges related to this strategic issue.

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IUFN’s Team